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Table 4 Associations between perceived parental support in childhood and adolescence and suicidal thoughts over the preceding year, categorized by whether individuals had a personal history of depression or attempted suicide*

From: Perceived parental support in childhood and adolescence and suicidal ideation in young adults: a cross-sectional analysis of the i-Share study

Perceived parental support Personal history of attempted suicide or depression No personal history of attempted suicide or depression
Adjusted ** (n = 1374) Adjusted *** (n = 1193) Adjusted ** (n = 8641) Adjusted ***(n = 7777)
Occasional suicidal thoughts Frequent suicidal thoughts Occasional suicidal thoughts Frequent suicidal thoughts Occasional suicidal thoughts Frequent suicidal thoughts Occasional suicidal thoughts Frequent suicidal thoughts
OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Extremely strong 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Strong 1.18 (0.86–1.61) 1.64 (1.00–2.69) 1.22 (0.88–1.70) 1.54 (0.92–2.60) 1.68 (1.44–1.97) 1.01 (0.63–1.63) 1.67 (1.41–1.97) 0.91 (0.56–1.48)
Moderate 1.27 (0.90–1.77) 2.68 (1.62–4.38) 1.31 (0.92–1.88) 2.34 (1.38–3.99) 2.63 (2.20–3.15) 3.54 (2.26–5.57) 2.38 (1.97–2.89) 3.06 (1.92–4.86)
Low 1.75 (1.14–2.67) 4.00 (2.28–7.15) 2.00 (1.26–3.17) 4.26 (2.31–7.85) 4.19 (3.28–5.36) 5.88 (3.35–10.34) 3.97 (3.04–5.18) 4.93 (2.70–9.01)
None 1.62 (0.82–3.22) 6.46 (3.03–13.77) 1.85 (0.88–3.90) 6.01 (2.65–14.00) 6.33 (4.05–9.88) 10.29 (4.28–24.76) 6.45 (3.90–10.66) 8.06 (2.92–22.23)
  1. OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval
  2. *Data from the i-Share cohort, 2013–2017
  3. **Adjusted for age, gender, parental divorce or separation, parental death, not living in parental home during childhood, perceived economic status in childhood, and perceived parental support × personal history of depression or attempted suicide
  4. ***Adjusted for age, gender, parental divorce or separation, parental death, not living in parental home during childhood, perceived economic status in childhood, perceived parental support × personal history of depression or attempted suicide, and parental history of depression or anxiety