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Table 4 Factors associated with total satisfaction score and dimensions score: multilevel analysis

From: Satisfaction of psychiatric inpatients in China: clinical and institutional correlates in a national sample

  Total satisfaction βa P-value Global satisfaction β P-value Costs satisfaction β P-value Medical services satisfaction β P-value Privacy protection satisfaction β P-value Doctor
-patient communication satisfaction β
P-value
Sex (ref. female) 0.2 0.863 0.0 0.194 0.0 0.674 0.1 0.062 0.0 0.257 0.0 0.410
Marital status (ref. single) 0.0 0.965 0.0 0.317 0.0 0.910 0.0 0.568 0.0 0.587 0.0 0.980
Education level (ref. elementary school)
 Middle school 0.3 0.773 0.1 0.139 0.1 0.278 0.0 0.339 0.1 0.131 0.0 0.419
 High school 0.3 0.768 0.1 0.089 0.0 0.658 0.1 0.288 0.1 0.088 0.1 0.300
 College or above 0.6 0.519 0.2 0.002** 0.1 0.039* 0.1 0.060 0.2 0.003** 0.1 0.079
Insurance coverage (ref. self-pay) 0.1 0.939 0.0 0.824 0.1 0.187 0.0 0.850 0.0 0.534 0.0 0.903
Number of hospitalizations (ref. recurrent admission) −0.1 0.934 −0.0 0.259 0.0 0.424 0.0 0.685 0.0 0.779 0.0 0.864
Involuntary hospitalization (ref. No) 0.0 0.981 0.0 0.747 0.0 0.803 0.0 0.708 0.0 0.708 0.0 0.317
Psychiatric diagnosis (ref. Others)
 Schizophrenia or related disorders 0.0 0.993 0.0 0.745 0.0 0.972 0.0 0.874 0.0 0.874 0.0 0.596
 Mood disorders 0.0 0.981 0.0 0.585 0.0 0.655 0.0 0.733 0.0 0.317 0.1 0.078
Treatment response (ref. No change or worse)
 Marked improvement 1.7 0.093 0.6 0.004** 0.1 0.634 0.4 0.082 0.0 0.882 0.5 0.025*
 Improvement 1.3 0.193 0.5 0.016* 0.1 0.699 0.3 0.190 0.0 0.828 0.5 0.050*
 Somewhat improvement 1.8 0.069 0.6 0.010* 0.3 0.322 0.4 0.079 0.1 0.743 0.5 0.050*
Days of hospital stay 0.0 0.999 0.0 0.317 0.0 0.317 0.0 0.317 0.0 0.317 0.0 0.317
GAF 0.0 0.995 0.0 0.317 0.0 0.317 0.0 0.317 0.0 0.317 0.0 0.003**
Age 0.0 0.992 0.0 0.131 0.0 0.131 0.0 0.339 0.0 0.317 0.0 0.131
Number of times in physical restraints 0.0 0.988 0.0 0.317 0.0 0.424 0.0 0.617 0.0 0.453 0.0 0.072
Number of times in seclusion 0.0 0.977 0.0 0.649 0.0 0.225 0.0 0.237 0.0 0.928 0.0 0.644
Number of psychological treatment sessions 0.0 0.996 0.0 0.317 0.0 0.317 0.0 0.317 0.0 0.046* 0.0 0.317
Number of ECT treatments −0.1 0.955 −0.0 0.110 0.0 0.134 0.0 0.072 0.0 0.317 0.0 0.131
Psychiatrist-bed ratio 13.2 < 0.001** 2.7 < 0.001** 3.4 < 0.001** 2.2 < 0.001** 2.4 < 0.001** 2.5 < 0.001**
Nurse-bed ratio 6.2 < 0.001** 1.1 < 0.001** 1.4 < 0.001** 1.1 < 0.001** 1.4 < 0.001** 1.3 < 0.001**
Psychologists- bed ratio 3.5 0.001** 0.5 0.035* 1.3 < 0.001** 0.5 0.028* 0.6 0.010* 0.5 0.047*
  1. aβ, standardized beta coefficient (β represents a change in the standard deviation in the satisfaction score resulting from a one standard deviation change in the independent variable). Bold values: *P < 0.05; **P < 0.01