Skip to main content

Table 3 Abnormities in SDQ by delivery mode in children with various gestational ages (n/%)

From: Elective caesarean section on maternal request prior to 39 gestational weeks and childhood psychopathology: a birth cohort study in China

Children with various gestational weeks SDQ dimensions Delivery mode Total
Vaginal delivery ECS with medical indications ECS on maternal request Emergency caesarean section
< 39 weeks Emotional symptoms** 13/4.2 21/5.4 22/14.4 1/1.5 57/6.2
  Conduct problems* 24/7.8 23/5.9 20/13.1 3/4.4 70/7.6
  Hyperactivity 31/10.1 33/8.4 15/9.8 4/5.9 83/9.0
  Peer problems 14/4.6 5/1.3 5/3.3 3/4.4 27/2.9
  Total difficult problems* 23/7.5 31/7.9 23/15.0 3/4.4 80/8.7
  Pro-social behaviors 30/9.8 40/10.2 17/11.1 5/7.4 92/10.0
39–40 weeks Emotional symptoms 45/6.2 45/6.9 28/5.8 13/7.0 131/6.4
  Conduct problems 52/7.2 38/5.8 44/9.1 8/4.3 142/7.0
  Hyperactivity 49/6.8 39/6.0 38/7.9 6/3.2 132/6.5
  Peer problems 18/2.5 19/2.9 16/3.3 4/2.2 57/2.8
  Total difficult problems 48/6.7 40/6.1 45/9.3 11/5.9 144/7.1
  Pro-social behaviors 83/11.5 64/9.8 62/12.8 16/8.6 225/11.0
≥41 weeks Emotional symptoms 7/5.8 5/4.5 1/1.8 8/11.3 21/5.8
  Conduct problems 11/9.1 15/13.6 3/5.3 7/9.9 36/10.0
  Hyperactivity 17/14.0 7/6.4 4/7.0 9/12.7 37/10.3
  Peer problems 3/2.5 2/1.8 1/1.8 3/4.2 9/2.5
  Total difficult problems 10/8.3 6/5.5 2/3.5 11/15.5 29/8.1
  Pro-social behaviors 11/9.1 10/9.91 8/14.0 7/9.9 36/10.0
Total Emotional symptoms 65/5.7 71/6.2 51/7.4 22/6.8 209/6.3
  Conduct problems 87/7.6 76/6.6 67/9.7 18/5.6 248/7.5
  Hyperactivity 97/8.4 79/6.8 57/8.2 19/5.9 252/7.6
  Peer problems 35/3.0 26/2.3 22/3.2 10/3.1 93/2.8
  Total difficult problems* 81/7.1 77/6.7 70/10.1 25/7.7 253/7.6
  Pro-social behaviors 124/10.8 114/9.9 87/12.6 28/8.6 353/10.6
  1. *P < 0.05, **P < 0.01