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Table 1 Sample Characteristics

From: Associations between childhood maltreatment and adult depression: a mediation analysis

Demographic characteristics
 Age (years): M (SD) 45.10 (11.89)
 Gender (Female): n (%) 705 (68.60)
 Education: n (%)
  - Less than high-school diploma 355 (34.60)
  - High-school diploma (or equivalent) 648 (63.10)
  - University degree 22 (2.10)
  - No degree 2 (0.20)
 Relationship Status (n (%))
  - In partnership 700 (68.16)
  - Divorced/Widowed 118 (11.49)
  - Not in a relationship 209 (20.35)
Clinical Characteristics
 Current MDE according to DSM-5: n (%)a 167 (16.30)
 Severity of current depressive symptoms: n (%)b
  - none 42 (4.10)
  - minimal – mild 822 (80.00)
  - moderate – severe 163 (15.90)
 Former MDE: n (%) 500 (48.70)
 PCL-5 Total Score: M (SD) 14.22 (13.70)
 PCL-5 Total Score > Cut-off 33: n(%)c 125 (12.20)
 CTQ Total-Score: M (SD) 42.84 (15.55)
 CTQ-Subscales: n (%)) Emotional Abuse Physical Abuse Sexual Abuse Emotional Neglect Physical Neglect
 None to minimald 486 (47.30) 781 (76.00) 764 (74.40) 399 (38.80) 657 (64.00)
 Low to moderated 275 (26.80) 94 (9.20) 95 (9.30) 311 (30.30) 175 (17.00)
 Moderate to severed 91 (8.90) 85 (8.30) 107 (10.40) 128 (12.50) 122 (11.90)
 Severe to extremed 175 (17.00) 67 (6.50) 61 (5.90) 189 (18.40) 73 (7.10)
  1. Note. MDE Major Depressive Episode, PCL PTSD Checklist for DSM-5, CTQ Childhood Trauma Questionnaire
  2. acategorical evaluation (DSM-5 criteria) of PHQ-9
  3. bdimensional evaluation (total score) of PHQ-9, classification according to Gräfe et al. [45]
  4. cCut-off score as suggested by Krüger-Gottschalk et al. [52]
  5. dcategories of severity as defined in the CTQ manual [63]