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Table 1 Participants’ sociodemographic and clinical characteristics

From: Utilization of somatic healthcare in Croatian patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorder, major depression, PTSD and the general population

  GEP (n = 566) SSD (n = 282) MDD (n = 178) PTSD (n = 86)
Gender
 men 263 (46.5) 159 (56.4) 74 (41.6) 72 (83.7)
 women 303 (53.5) 123 (43.6) 104 (58.4) 14 (16.3)
Age (years), median (IQR) 45 (31–55) 40 (32–50) 52 (45–57) 53 (46–57)
Education
 primary 64 (11.3) 36 (12.8) 20 (11.2) 9 (10.5)
 secondary 345 (61.0) 175 (62.1) 114 (64.0) 61 (70.9)
 university 157 (27.7) 71 (25.2) 44 (24.7) 16 (18.6)
Marital status
 single 165 (29.2) 191 (67.7) 38 (21.3) 17 (19.8)
 married 354 (62.5) 58 (20.6) 93 (52.2) 43 (50.0)
 widowed or divorced 47 (8.3) 33 (11.7) 47 (26.4) 26 (30.2)
Working status
 employed 389 (68.7) 124 (44.0) 103 (57.9) 28 (32.6)
 unemployed 77 (13.6) 81 (28.7) 27 (15.2) 12 (14.0)
 retired 100 (17.7) 77 (27.3) 48 (27.0) 46 (53.5)
Body mass index (kg/m2), median (IQR) 25 (22–28) 26 (24–30) 27 (24–31) 28 (25–31)
Regular smoking of tobacco 208 (36.7) 161 (57.1) 96 (53.9) 44 (51.2)
Self-perceived general health (bad) 52 (9.2) 44 (15.6) 63 (35.4) 50 (58.1)
Number of physical comorbidities,
median (IQR)a
1 (0–2) 1 (0–2) 2 (1–4) 3 (1–4)
Chronic physical comorbidities
 none 268 (47.3) 120 (42.6) 39 (21.9) 12 (14.0)
 one 121 (21.4) 70 (24.8) 33 (18.5) 11 (12.8)
 two or more (multimorbidity) 177 (31.3) 92 (32.6) 106 (59.6) 63 (73.3)
Being hospitalized for physical
illness during the last 12 months
44 (7.8) 78 (27.7) 54 (30.3) 24 (27.9)
Days of hospitalization for physical illnesses annually, median (IQR)b 4 (2–10) 30 (9–94) 20 (8–90) 10 (2–99)
Status at enrollment
 outpatients    125 (44.8) 96 (55.5) 35 (41.7)
 in-patients    136 (48.7) 52 (30.1) 39 (46.4)
 daily hospital    18 (6.5) 25 (14.5) 10 (11.9)
Duration of primary illness (years), median (IQR)    7 (1–15) 4 (1–8) 10 (4–15)
Psychiatric comorbidity    89 (31.6) 139 (78.1) 73 (84.9)
Previous psychiatric hospitalizations    3 (1–7) 1 (0–3) 3 (1–7)
Psychiatric treatment at enrolment
 antipsychotics    262 (92.9) 69 (38.8) 43 (50.0)
 antidepressants    109 (38.7) 162 (91.0) 72 (83.7)
 benzodiazepines    210 (74.5) 162 (91.0) 83 (96.5)
  1. Data are presented as number (percentage) of participants if not stated otherwise
  2. Abbreviations: GEP general population, SSD schizophrenia spectrum disorder, MDD major depressive disorder, PTSD posttraumatic stress disorder, IQR interquartile range
  3. aExcluding obesity (BMI ≥ 30)
  4. bOnly participants who were hospitalized at least once