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Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics of respondent patients

From: Prescription practices in the treatment of agitation in newly hospitalized Chinese schizophrenia patients: data from a non-interventional naturalistic study

  Overall (n = 847) Monotherapy (n = 412) Polypharmacy (n = 435) χ2/t p
Sex, n(%)a
 Male 432 (51.00) 234 198 9.97 0.002
 Female 409 (48.29) 177 232   
 Age, mean (SD), y 34.62(11.79) 35.38(12.52) 33.92(11.02) 1.78 0.075*
Schizophrenia in older persons, n(%) b
 Yes 51 (6.02%) 34 17 7.23 0.007
 No 796(93.98%) 368 411   
Educational level, n(%) c
  ≤ High school 600 (70.84) 288 312 0.40 0.526
  ≥ College 242(28.57) 122 120   
Marital status, n(%)d
 Married 309(36.48) 142 167 1.64 0.65
 Single 444(52.42) 225 219   
 Divorced 79(9.33) 38 41   
 Widowed 10(1.18) 5 5   
Living alone, n(%)e
 Yes 40(4.72) 28 12 7.12 0.005
 No 802(94.69) 381 421   
Employment, n(%)f
 Employed 435(52.76) 187 248 11.06 0.001
 Unemployed or retired 400(47.23) 218 182   
Health insurance g
 Yes 297(35.06) 137 160 0.94 0.332
 No 542(63.99) 269 273   
Admission pattern h
 Voluntary hospitalization 179(21.13) 65 114 14.23 1.62E-4
 Involuntary hospitalization 657(77.57) 343 314   
 Age at onset, mean (SD), y 26.53(9.66) 27.15(10.34) 25.94(8.88) 1.81 0.071*
 Course of schizophrenia, mean (SD), y 8.20(8.80) 8.39(8.95) 8.03(8.01) 0.58 0.566*
 Number of hospitalizations, mean (SD) 1.96(3.10) 1.95(3.09) 1.97(3.11) −0.09 0.932*
 CGI score, mean (SD) 5.38(0.81) 5.38(0.77) 5.38(0.84) 0.12 0.908*
 BARS score, mean (SD) 5.43(1.19) 5.20(1.14) 5.65(1.18) −5.60 2.87E-8
Antipsychotics used in the previous week, n(%)i
 Yes 350(41.32) 163 187 2.99 0.084
 No 465(54.90) 245 220   
Aggressiveness on baseline (MOAS ≥ 4), n(%)
 Yes 600(70.84%) 273 327 11.58 0.001
 No 247(29.16) 135 95   
Severe agitation
 Yes 402(47.46%) 161 241 22.61 1.98E-6
 No 445(52.54%) 251 194   
  1. Notes: a Six participants (0.71%) did not provide this information. b Seventeen participants (2.01%) did not provide this information. c Five participants (0.6%) did not provide this information. d Five participants (0.59%) did not provide this information. e Five participants (0.59%) did not provide this information. f Twelve participants (1.42%) did not provide this information. g Eight participants (0.94%) did not provide this information. h Eleven participants (1.30%) did not provide this information. i Thirty two participants (3.79%) did not provide this information.* T test
  2. CGI Clinical Global Impressions-Severity, BARS Behavioral Activity Rating Scale, MOAS Modified Overt Aggression Scale