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Table 1 Descriptive statistics of study population by region by time period

From: Trends in the use of coercive measures in Finnish psychiatric hospitals: a register analysis of the past two decades

 Admission time period 
1995–19992000–20042005–20092010–2014Total
Patients by regions: N(%)
 Southern Finland64479(50.1)72788(52.2)60835(47.2)51965(48.0)250067(49.5)
 Western Finland27810(21.6)29085(20.9)30701(23.9)26365(24.3)113961(22.6)
 Eastern Finland19713(15.3)20036(14.4)19482(15.1)14527(13.4)73758(14.6)
 Northern Finland16270(12.6)16919(12.2)16987(13.2)14774(13.6)64950(12.9)
 Åland497(0.4)475(0.3)747(0.6)714(0.7)2433(0.5)
 All regions128769(100.0)139303(100.0)128752(100.0)108345(100.0)505169(100.0)
Female patient: %45.847.749.250.048.1
Patient age: mean ± SD43.4 ± 15.343.3 ± 15.544.2 ± 16.343.9 ± 17.243.7 ± 16.0
Patients received coercive measures by type: N(%)
 Seclusion8129(6.3)9489(6.8)9896(7.7)7206(6.7)34720(6.9)
 Limb restraints5209(4.1)5891(4.2)4851(3.8)3162(2.9)19113(3.8)
 Forced injection3160(2.4)3763(2.7)3056(2.4)2913(2.7)12892(2.6)
 Physical restraints1295(1.0)1071(0.8)696(0.5)882(0.8)3944(0.8)
 Any coercive method12598(9.8)13919(10.0)13240(10.3)9974(9.2)49731(9.8)
Patients received multiple coercive measures: N(%)
 None116171(90.2)125384(90.0)115512(89.7)98371(90.8)455438(90.2)
 One method8915(6.9)9312(6.7)9218(7.2)6850(6.3)34295(6.8)
 Two methods2478(1.9)3227(2.3)2974(2.3)2199(2.0)10878(2.2)
 Three methods898(0.7)1072(0.8)859(0.7)785(0.7)3614(0.8)
 Four methods307(0.2)308(0.2)189(0.2)140(0.1)944(0.2)
Patients received any coercive measures by region: N(%)
 Southern Finland5629(8.7)7674(10.5)6678(11.00)5056(9.7)250067(10.0)
 Western Finland2955(10.6)2736(9.4)3151(10.3)2472(9.4)113961(9.9)
 Eastern Finland2607(13.2)2262(11.3)2223(11.4)1360(9.4)73758(11.5)
 Northern Finland1390(8.5)1231 (7.3)1142(6.7)1029(7.0)64950(7.4)
 Åland17(3.4)16(3.4)46(6.16)57(8.0)2433(5.6)