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Table 1 Patients’ socio-demographic and clinical characteristics

From: Subjective quality of life among patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorder and patients with major depressive disorder

Patient characteristics Schizophrenia (n = 203) MDD (n = 185) p value
Age (years) 40.0 ± 10.1 37.2 ± 11 0.009
Gender
 Female 91 (44.8%) 89 (48.1%) 0.518
Ethnicity    0.267
 Chinese 117 (57.9%) 124 (67%)
 Malay 41 (20.2%) 27 (14.6%)
 Indian 34 (16.7%) 27 (14.6%)
Others 11 (5.4%) 7 (3.8%)
Religion    0.475
 Christine 67 (33.0%) 59 (31.9%)
 Buddhism 36 (17.7%) 38 (20.5%)
 Islam 56 (27.6%) 34 (18.4%)
 Hinduism 17 (8.4%) 12 (6.5%)
 Taoism 6 (3.0%) 4 (2.2%)
Years of schooling 11.8 ± 4.2 12.8 ± 3.7 0.014
Marital status    < 0.001
 Single 151 (74.4%) 92 (49.7%)
 Married 28 (13.8%) 52 (28.1%)
 Separated 7 (3.4%) 4 (2.2%)
 Divorced 15 (7.4%) 33 (17.8%)
 Widowed 2 (1.0%) 4 (2.2%)
With children 34 (16.7%) 70 (37.8%) < 0.001
Residence    < 0.001
 Economic house 170 (83.7%) 152 (82.2%)
 Private house 5 (2.5%) 24 (13.0%)
 Others 28 (13.8%) 9 (4.9%)
Employment status    < 0.001
 Employed 106 (52.2%) 122 (65.9%)
 Unemployed 97 (47.8%) 63 (34.1%)
Incomea (SGD/month)    < 0.001
< 2000 106 (52.2%) 71 (38.4%)
≥2000 21 (10.4%) 63 (34.0%)
Age of diagnosisa (years) 25.8 ± 9.1 31.1 ± 10.5 < 0.001
Comorbid physical disease
 Yes 52 (25.6%) 46 (24.9%) 0.805
Psychotropic medication
 Yes 197 (97.0%) 158 (85.4%) < 0.001
Duration of mental disease (years) 14.4 ± 10.7 6.0 ± 5.9 < 0.001
Smoking statusa    0.267
 Ex-smokers 23 (11.3%) 16 (8.6%)
 Never smokers 113 (55.7%) 96 (51.9%)
 Rare 15 (7.4%) 24 (13.0%)
 Current smokers 52 (25.9%) 48 (25.9%)
  1. aData missing for some participants