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Table 1 Objectives and measurements for each group

From: Prevalence, symptomatology, risk factors and healthcare services utilization regarding paternal depression in Germany: study protocol of a controlled cross-sectional epidemiological study

Objective Instrument or self-constructed item No. of items Group
Primary objective  
Depressive symptoms Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) 9 both
Secondary objectives  
Prevalence differences in different time periods Date of birth of the child, date on which the questionnaire was filled out 2 fathers of an infant
Specific depressive symptoms Gotland Male Depression Scale 13 both
Course of depression regarding the presence and duration of the current episode and previous episodes 5 both
Symptoms of separation anxiety Adult Separation Anxiety Questionnaire (ASA-27) 27 both
Individuals’ tendency to interpret anxiety-associated physical sensations as threatening Anxiety Sensitivity Index (ASI) 16 both
Participants’ subjective judgment on their own health status “How would you describe your health in general?” 1 both
Participants’ subjective judgment on the child’s and the mother’s health status “How would you describe the health of your infant in general?”
“How would you describe the health of the child’s mother in general?”
2 fathers of an infant
Diagnosis of maternal postpartum depression “Has a doctor or psychotherapist diagnosed postpartum depression in the child’s mother?” 1 fathers of an infant
Extent of perceived self-efficacy General Self-Efficacy scale (GSE) 10 both
Normative Gender Role Orientation Questionnaire of Normative Gender Role Attitudes (NGRO) 29 both
Social support Social Support Questionnaire (F-SozU-K-14) 14 both
Use of support systems Are you supported by other people or support systems in the care of the newborn? 1 fathers of an infant
Pregnancy and birth child’s biological father or not; pregnancy was planned, unplanned or unwanted: whether artificial insemination was used or not; complication during pregnancy or birth; premature, miscarriage, or involved multiple births; caesarean section delivery or natural birth; having other children 10 fathers of an infant
Involvement of the father living in the same household as the infant during pregnancy and after birth; being a single parent; present at the birth; being involved in birth preparation; nighttime care; sleep quality because of the infant; daily time with the infant; use of paternity leave 10 fathers of an infant
Sleep quality in general “How would you rate your sleep quality in general?” 1 both
Use of medical services based on scales of the health questionnaire of the study on Adult Health in Germany (DEGS), the German version of the Client Sociodemographic and Service Receipt Inventory (CSSRI-D) and the questionnaire for the collection of health-related resource use in the elderly population (FIMA) 2 both
Use of medical services the use of health-related offers in the obstetric setting and the use of child-related health offers 2 fathers of an infant
Socio-demographic data age, marital / relationship status, minimum indicator set for recording migration status, educational level, income status, professional situation 11 both