Skip to main content

Table 6 Negative emotion: the different acoustic features between depressed and healthy people under different tasks

From: Acoustic differences between healthy and depressed people: a cross-situation study

  Video Watching Question Answering Text Reading Picture describing
healthy depressed F ηp2 healthy depressed F ηp2 healthy depressed F ηp2 healthy depressed F ηp2
loudness 0.35 ± 0.14 0.16 ± 0.16 28.47*** .22 0.35 ± 0.15 0.16 ± 0.16 28.55*** .22 0.48 ± 0.21 0.23 ± 0.22 25.57*** .21 0.35 ± 0.14 0.17 ± 0.17 23.58*** .19
mfcc1 −0.29 ± 3.61 0.74 ± 3.81 2.03 .02 −0.37 ± 3.22 0.7 ± 3.91 2.26 .02 1.23 ± 3.16 1.16 ± 2.83 0.00 .00 −0.23 ± 3.67 1.14 ± 3.22 4.38* .04
mfcc2 8.07 ± 3.17 9.07 ± 3.18 2.17 .02 8.39 ± 2.86 8.88 ± 3.27 0.66 .01 8.05 ± 3.53 10.88 ± 4.15 13.65*** .12 8.22 ± 2.5 8.82 ± 2.63 1.26 .01
mfcc3 6.9 ± 4.83 3 ± 3.72 16.13*** .14 7.42 ± 4.21 2.9 ± 3.47 29.55*** .23 7.49 ± 5.7 2.65 ± 4.19 18.44*** .16 6.68 ± 4.66 3.44 ± 3.56 11.25*** .10
mfcc4 6.39 ± 4.13 4.16 ± 4.05 7.16** .07 6.0 ± 4.05 3.26 ± 4.43 9.97** .09 0.76 ± 6.35 −1.04 ± 6.44 0.62 .01 5.68 ± 3.87 3.52 ± 4.59 5.48* .05
mfcc5 3.15 ± 5.4 − 4.4 ± 6.49 35.88*** .27 2.93 ± 5.57 − 4.37 ± 6.94 28.87*** .23 − 2.61 ± 6.2 −11.26 ± 7.75 27.26*** .22 3.1 ± 4.95 −3.51 ± 5.17 36.73*** .27
mfcc6 3.85 ± 6.21 5.72 ± 6.88 0.54 .01 4.33 ± 5.68 6.0 ± 6.51 0.47 .00 0.72 ± 6.87 5.48 ± 8.15 7.73** .07 4.2 ± 5.39 6.26 ± 6.73 1.05 .01
mfcc7 0.02 ± 5.5 − 7.46 ± 4.46 52.57*** .35 − 0.02 ± 4.93 −7.51 ± 4.51 58.30*** .37 − 3.02 ± 5.37 − 11.55 ± 4.97 55.80*** .36 −0.04 ± 5.08 −6.95 ± 3.66 54.37*** .35
mfcc8 1.86 ± 5.25 1.72 ± 4.71 0.05 .00 1.22 ± 5.04 1.8 ± 4.62 0.30 .00 − 2.48 ± 8.24 −0.51 ± 6.01 3.09 .03 2.26 ± 4.43 1.61 ± 3.88 0.70 .01
mfcc9 0.28 ± 4.86 2.56 ± 4.08 5.09* .05 0.35 ± 5.33 1.96 ± 3.78 2.18 .02 − 2.81 ± 6.25 − 0.01 ± 5 6.28* .06 0.64 ± 4.78 2.42 ± 3.71 3.05 .03
mfcc10 1.62 ± 5.62 0.42 ± 5.03 1.55 .02 2.21 ± 5.32 0.52 ± 4.39 4.73* .05 − 1.1 ± 7.37 − 3.51 ± 6.39 1.86 .02 1.68 ± 5.47 1.21 ± 4.97 0.29 .00
mfcc11 −1.17 ± 4.27 −1.29 ± 3.83 0.88 .01 −0.42 ± 4.25 −0.35 ± 4 0.28 .00 −2.73 ± 5.8 −2.63 ± 5.04 0.13 .00 −0.56 ± 3.93 −0.14 ± 4 0.02 .00
mfcc12 − 2.03 ± 3.5 − 1.04 ± 3.41 1.12 .01 −1.4 ± 3.53 −1.06 ± 2.83 0.09 .00 −3.31 ± 3.96 −3.72 ± 3.47 0.75 .01 −1.98 ± 3.3 −1.26 ± 2.44 0.35 .00
lsp0 0.2 ± 0.03 0.2 ± 0.04 0.45 .00 0.2 ± 0.03 0.21 ± 0.04 0.87 .01 0.2 ± 0.03 0.2 ± 0.02 1.05 .01 0.2 ± 0.04 0.2 ± 0.03 0.09 .00
lsp1 0.63 ± 0.05 0.62 ± 0.06 0.47 .00 0.63 ± 0.05 0.61 ± 0.07 1.16 .01 0.57 ± 0.04 0.58 ± 0.04 5.51* .05 0.63 ± 0.05 0.61 ± 0.06 1.83 .02
lsp2 0.98 ± 0.06 0.99 ± 0.05 0.42 .00 0.98 ± 0.06 0.98 ± 0.06 0.00 .00 0.92 ± 0.07 0.95 ± 0.05 9.53** .09 0.99 ± 0.06 0.98 ± 0.05 0.10 .00
lsp3 1.34 ± 0.07 1.3 ± 0.09 7.05** .07 1.34 ± 0.06 1.3 ± 0.09 8.82** .08 1.28 ± 0.07 1.24 ± 0.08 2.34 .02 1.35 ± 0.06 1.3 ± 0.08 10.17** .09
lsp4 1.67 ± 0.07 1.61 ± 0.1 11.87*** .11 1.68 ± 0.06 1.6 ± 0.11 15.23*** .13 1.61 ± 0.08 1.53 ± 0.1 13.03*** .12 1.68 ± 0.06 1.61 ± 0.09 15.65*** .14
lsp5 2.0 ± 0.06 1.95 ± 0.11 5.91* .06 2.0 ± 0.05 1.95 ± 0.12 7.66** .07 1.94 ± 0.07 1.88 ± 0.11 6.16* .06 2.0 ± 0.06 1.95 ± 0.1 7.73** .07
lsp6 2.37 ± 0.06 2.3 ± 0.11 9.87** .09 2.38 ± 0.05 2.31 ± 0.11 13.83*** .12 2.32 ± 0.07 2.23 ± 0.13 16.43*** .14 2.38 ± 0.06 2.31 ± 0.1 13.30*** .12
lsp7 2.72 ± 0.04 2.7 ± 0.06 7.80** .07 2.73 ± 0.03 2.7 ± 0.05 11.11*** .10 2.7 ± 0.05 2.65 ± 0.07 15.37*** .13 2.73 ± 0.04 2.7 ± 0.05 7.50** .07
zcr 0.03 ± 0.01 0.03 ± 0.01 7.68** .07 0.03 ± 0.01 0.03 ± 0.01 9.07** .08 0.03 ± 0.01 0.04 ± 0.01 14.70*** .13 0.03 ± 0.01 0.03 ± 0.01 1.85 .02
vp 0.55 ± 0.07 0.52 ± 0.05 5.67* .05 0.54 ± 0.06 0.51 ± 0.05 7.34** .07 0.6 ± 0.07 0.58 ± 0.07 9.10** .08 0.55 ± 0.06 0.51 ± 0.05 8.00** .07
F0 125.48 ± 51.38 92.61 ± 41.25 8.01** .07 121.39 ± 45.68 87.43 ± 38.27 11.46*** .10 147.96 ± 38.73 114.42 ± 37.68 21.22*** .18 122.53 ± 44.32 88.1 ± 37.42 12.32*** .11
F0env 298.82 ± 39.73 275.57 ± 47.45 6.47* .06 302.75 ± 36.76 277.74 ± 49.99 7.53** .07 271.56 ± 40.91 235.74 ± 42.61 14.26*** .13 304.12 ± 35.79 272.66 ± 46.23 12.46*** .11
  1. *, p < 0.05; **, p < 0.01; ***, p < 0.001; In the column of ηp2, we use bold for representing the features have large effect sizes. the upright features represent the features which are significant across all tasks