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Table 4 Association between demographic and psychiatric characteristics and healthcare help-seeking

From: Help-seeking behaviors among Chinese people with mental disorders: a cross-sectional study

Characteristics Univariable, OR (95% CI)Multivariable, OR(95% CI)
SexMale11
Female0.46 (0.24–0.88)0.48 (0.17–1.42)
Age group18–3911
40–543.94 (1.68–9.26)3.19 (0.96–10.58)
55+5.72 (2.3–14.26)6.74 (1.58–28.68)
Resident areaUrban1 
Rural1.53 (0.72–3.25) 
Marital statusNever married11
Married2.65 (1.32–5.31)8.63 (1.42–52.49)
Divorced/lost spouse2.14 (0.64–7.20)1.32 (0.12–14.8)
Years of education0–611
7–90.67 (0.25–1.82)1.45 (0.35–6.06)
10–120.19 (0.08–0.48)0.86 (0.21–3.55)
13+0.11 (0.04–0.30)1.35 (0.30–6.02)
Employment statusHousewife1 
Employed0.56 (0.19–1.67) 
Retired3.27 (0.84–12.66) 
Unemployed/lost job1.26 (0.38–4.17) 
Farmer4.63 (0.93–23.01) 
Per capita family incomeBelow median or do not know1 
Above median0.69 (0.36–1.31) 
Living statusLiving alone1 
Living with other people1.61 (0.41–6.26) 
GHQ-12 score0–31 
4+0.82 (0.42–1.61) 
GAF disabilitymild11
moderate to severe16.00 (6.22–41.21)2.96 (0.77–11.32)
Mood disordersno11
yes0.43 (0.23–0.80)1.74 (0.62–4.87)
Anxiety disordersno1 
yes0.61 (0.29–1.29) 
Substance use disordersno  
yes0.43 (0.17–1.12) 
Psychotic disordersno11
yes118.75 (4.05–3483.86)187.28 (4.19–8376.37)
Organic mental disordersno11
yes29.72 (2.56–345.42)107.59 (4.39–2636.76)
Other mental disordersno1 
yes0.46 (0.09–2.25) 
Only NOS disorderNo11
yes0.10 (0.04–0.25)2.40 (0.73–7.89)
Number of diagnoses11 
2 or more1.76 (0.81–3.82) 
  1. Confidence intervals in bold type as statistically significant at the p < 0.05 level; GHQ-12 = General Health Questionnaire; GAF = Global Assessment of Functioning; NOS=Not Otherwise Specified