Skip to main content

Table 2 Sociodemographic Characteristics of Participants in the Two Groups

From: Efficacy of path-oriented psychological self-help interventions to improve mental health of empty-nest older adults in the Community of China

Sociodemographic and psychological characteristicsInvention Group(n = 36)Wait List Control Group(n = 36)valueP value
Age, mean (SD)68.31 ± 5.0668.92 ± 4.35−0.5500.584
Sex, n (%)  0.5030.478
 Male15 (41.7)18 (50.0)  
 Female21 (58.3)18 (50.0)  
Education level, n (%)  −1.2000.230
 Primary school and below10 (27.8)8 (22.2)  
 Junior school18 (50.0)14 (38.9)  
 High school6 (16.6)12 (33.3)  
 College and above2 (5.6)2 (5.6)  
Marital status, n (%)  0.3210.571
 Married27 (75.0)29 (80.6)  
 Single (divorced, widowed)9 (25.0)7 (19.4)  
Employment status, n (%)  1.0420.594
 Full-time employment10 (27.8)14 (38.9)  
 Part-time employment17 (47.2)15 (41.7)  
 Retired9 (25.0)7 (19.4)  
Monthly income, n (%)  −0.5380.590
 Low(≤1000)10 (27.8)12 (33.3)  
 Middle(1000~3000)20 (55.5)19 (52.8)  
 High(≥3000)6 (16.7)5 (13.9)  
Physical condition, n (%)  −0.8130.416
 Good15 (41.7)18 (50.0)  
 Fair15 (41.7)14 (38.9)  
 Poor6 (16.6)4 (11.1)  
Type of empty-nest, n (%)  1.1850.276
 Relatively empty-nest25 (69.4)29 (80.6)  
 Absolutely empty-nest11 (30.6)7 (19.4)  
Score of personality trait
 Extroversion, mean(SD)9.36 ± 2.239.75 ± 1.95−0.790.433
 Neuroticism, mean(SD)9.69 ± 1.899.50 ± 1.950.430.669
 Positive coping style,mean (SD)21.11 ± 2.6521.03 ± 2.640.130.894
 Negative coping style,mean (SD)12.36 ± 3.8011.58 ± 2.730.990.323
 psychological self-help ability, mean (SD)45.28 ± 5.2745.00 ± 4.710.240.814
 Mental-Health status,mean (SD)143.25 ± 6.25144.81 ± 4.82−1.180.241