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Table 1 Cross-sectional analyses of lifetime mental disorders and lifetime suicide ideation at baseline, in unweighted numbers, weighted column and row percentages and (un)adjusted odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI)

From: The longitudinal association between lifetime mental disorders and first onset or recurrent suicide ideation

  Total
(n = 6646)
Suicide ideation
(n = 566)
Suicide ideation
n c% r% OR-1 AOR-2 AOR-3 AOR-4 PAF
Any mood disorder 1400 65.2 26.8 9.73 [7.35,12.88] 6.34 [4.77,8.42] NA NA 56.3
Major depression 1309 57.8 25.6 7.64 [6.06,9.62] 5.30 [4.19,6.71] 5.90 [4.46,7.80] 5.83 [4.43,7.69] 48.1
Dysthymia 91 8.2 50.7 12.29 [7.46,20.25] 5.44 [2.87,10.32] 2.78 [1.54,5.00] 2.73 [1.48,5.04] 6.9
Bipolar disorder 82 7.1 45.1 9.69 [5.38,17.43] 2.39 [1.07,5.35] 7.17 [3.30,15.61] 6.88 [3.20,14.82] 5.9
Any anxiety disorder 1335 50.6 21.4 5.06 [4.05,6.32] 2.15 [1.65,2.78] NA NA 38.5
Panic disorder 261 10.6 23.2 3.61 [2.60,5.02] 1.46 [0.97,2.18] 1.23 [0.79,1.91] 1.23 [0.78,1.95] 7.0
Agoraphobia 70 3.3 30.5 4.97 [2.86,8.65] 1.38 [0.73,2.62] 1.11 [0.56,2.20] 1.10 [0.55,2.20] 2.4
Social phobia 619 28.0 24.9 4.71 [3.50,6.34] 1.76 [1.24,2.49] 1.56 [1.08,2.25] 1.56 [1.07,2.27] 20.6
Specific phobia 552 18.4 19.4 3.04 [2.22,4.16] 1.50 [1.01,2.24] 1.29 [0.85,1.95] 1.26 [0.82,1.93] 11.5
Generalised anxiety disorder 304 16.5 30.4 5.59 [4.07,7.68] 2.42 [1.62,3.61] 2.23 [1.49,3.34] 2.20 [1.46,3.31] 12.5
Any substance use disorder 1128 38.0 16.5 2.92 [2.30,3.70] 2.13 [1.65,2.74] NA NA 23.4
Alcohol abuse 825 21.2 12.3 1.69 [1.23,2.33] 1.57 [1.15,2.15] 1.48 [1.09,2.01] 1.45 [1.07,1.97] 8.0
Alcohol dependence 113 8.4 34.4 6.23 [3.97,9.79] 2.49 [1.29,4.79] 2.03 [1.05,3.91] 1.86 [0.95,3.65] 6.5
Drug abuse 225 13.5 29.6 5.21 [3.66,7.41] 3.21 [2.05,5.05] 3.07 [2.00,4.72] 3.05 [1.99,4.67] 10.1
Drug dependence 107 9.1 33.8 6.10 [3.65,10.21] 2.29 [1.11,4.70] 2.42 [1.19,4.92] 2.15 [1.01,4.58] 7.0
Any axis-I mental disorder 2777 83.0 16.1 7.60 [5.69,10.16] NA NA NA 70.3
Number of axis-I disorders
 0 3923 16.8 2.4 REF NA NA NA NA
 1 1521 22.1 7.9 3.53 [2.58, 4.83]     
 2 615 19.7 17.8 8.87 [6.18, 12.72]     
 3 or more 587 41.4 37.1 24.10 [16.47, 35.25]     
Antisocial personality disorder 157 7.7 21.4 3.18 [2.01,5.03] NA 1.91 [1.08,3.37] 1.88 [1.05,3.35] 4.9
Borderline personality disorder 58 4.7 46.6 10.06 [5.37,18.84] NA 2.20 [0.56,8.58] 2.12 [0.56,7.98] 3.9
Any axis-2 mental disorder 206 11.4 25.4 4.13 [2.83,6.01] NA NA NA 8.0
  1. Bold: Significant OR at the 0.05 level, 2-sided test
  2. REF Reference category
  3. NA Not applicable
  4. OR-1 Unadjusted OR
  5. AOR-2 Adjusted for demographic variables (sex, age, education, living situation, working situation) and other axis-I mental disorders except for those within its own main category (e.g. major depression was adjusted for all anxiety and substance use disorders, whereas panic disorder was adjusted for all mood and substance use disorders)
  6. AOR-3 Adjusted for demographic variables (sex, age, education, living situation, working situation) and all other axis-I mental disorders (e.g. major depression was adjusted for dysthymia, bipolar disorder as well as all anxiety and substance use disorders, whereas panic disorder was adjusted for agoraphobia, social phobia, specific phobia, generalised anxiety disorder as well as all mood and substance use disorders)
  7. AOR-4 Adjusted for demographic variables (sex, age, education, living situation, working situation) and all other axis-I mental disorders (e.g. major depression was adjusted for dysthymia, bipolar disorder as well as all anxiety and substance use disorders, whereas panic disorder was adjusted for agoraphobia, social phobia, specific phobia, generalised anxiety disorder as well as all mood and substance use disorders) and all other axis-II mental disorders
  8. PAF Population attributable fraction