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Table 2 Cross-sectional analyses of lifetime mental disorders and lifetime suicide attempt at baseline, in unweighted numbers, weighted column and row percentages and (un)adjusted odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI)

From: The longitudinal association between lifetime mental disorders and first onset or recurrent suicide ideation

  Total
(n = 6646)
Suicide attempt
(n = 149)
Suicide attempt
n c% r% OR-1 AOR-2 AOR-3 AOR-4 PAF
Any mood disorder 1400 76.4 8.4 13.86 [8.29,23.18] 8.76 [4.76,16.14] NA NA 70.4
Major depression 1309 70.4 8.4 11.13 [6.96,17.81] 7.11 [4.15,12.18] 8.24 [4.45,15.24] 8.16 [4.40,15.14] 63.5
Dysthymia 91 13.4 22.3 14.36 [6.11,33.74] 5.46 [1.93,15.44] 2.70 [1.04,6.98] 2.59 [0.95,7.05] 12.2
Bipolar disorder 82 6.0 10.3 5.28 [2.55,10.93] 1.23 [0.41,3.64] 6.64 [2.01,21.93] 6.22 [1.81,21.36] 4.8
Any anxiety disorder 1335 58.6 6.6 6.14 [4.01,9.39] 2.07 [1.24,3.45] NA NA 48.5
Panic disorder 261 10.8 6.3 3.21 [1.88,5.46] 1.13 [0.63,2.03] 1.00 [0.52,1.94] 1.01 [0.51,2.00] 7.2
Agoraphobia 70 3.2 8.1 3.94 [1.50,10.34] 0.99 [0.33,2.96] 0.82 [0.25,2.68] 0.82 [0.26,2.60] 2.4
Social phobia 619 30.8 7.4 4.62 [2.83,7.53] 1.43 [0.80,2.56] 1.34 [0.71,2.54] 1.33 [0.69,2.57] 23.7
Specific phobia 552 21.0 5.9 3.24 [1.97,5.31] 1.23 [0.68,2.24] 1.13 [0.61,2.08] 1.08 [0.56,2.06] 14.2
Generalised anxiety disorder 304 20.7 10.3 6.09 [3.52,10.55] 2.10 [1.23,3.58] 2.04 [1.18,3.53] 1.91 [1.11,3.28] 17.0
Any substance use disorder 1128 44.1 5.2 3.48 [2.21,5.47] 2.35 [1.41,3.93] NA NA 30.9
Alcohol abuse 825 22.7 3.5 1.79 [1.01,3.16] 1.59 [0.87,2.90] 1.55 [0.87,2.77] 1.48 [0.80,2.73] 9.8
Alcohol dependence 113 8.8 9.7 5.05 [2.53,10.07] 1.74 [0.71,4.26] 1.75 [0.64,4.75] 1.64 [0.57,4.67] 6.9
Drug abuse 225 16.4 9.7 5.42 [2.83,10.38] 2.43 [1.15,5.12] 2.27 [1.01,5.09] 2.12 [0.94,4.78] 13.1
Drug dependence 107 8.5 8.5 4.34 [1.64,11.45] 1.28 [0.34,4.90] 1.35 [0.33,5.47] 1.00 [0.19,5.25] 6.4
Any axis-I mental disorder 2777 89.2 4.7 11.57 [6.60,20.28] NA NA NA 81.1
Number of axis-I disorders
 0 3923 10.8 0.4 REF NA NA NA NA
 1 1521 16.9 1.6 4.01 [2.13, 7.55]     
 2 615 17.8 4.3 10.94 [5.40, 22.15]     
 3 or more 587 54.4 13.1 36.40 [19.59, 67.66]     
Antisocial personality disorder 157 10.8 8.1 4.20 [1.91,9.24] NA 2.46 [1.06,5.72] 2.41 [1.04,5.59] 8.1
Borderline personality disorder 58 8.5 22.9 14.13 [7.01,28.47] NA 2.47 [0.89,6.87] 2.37 [0.86,6.51] 7.8
Any axis-2 mental disorder 206 17.8 10.7 6.15 [3.36,11.27] NA NA NA 14.6
  1. Bold: Significant OR at the 0.05 level, 2-sided test
  2. REF Reference category
  3. NA Not applicable
  4. OR-1 Unadjusted OR
  5. AOR-2 Adjusted for demographic variables (sex, age, education, living situation, working situation) and other axis-I mental disorders except for those within its own main category (e.g. major depression was adjusted for all anxiety and substance use disorders, whereas panic disorder was adjusted for all mood and substance use disorders)
  6. AOR-3 Adjusted for demographic variables (sex, age, education, living situation, working situation) and all other axis-I mental disorders (e.g. major depression was adjusted for dysthymia, bipolar disorder as well as all anxiety and substance use disorders, whereas panic disorder was adjusted for agoraphobia, social phobia, specific phobia, generalised anxiety disorder as well as all mood and substance use disorders)
  7. AOR-4 Adjusted for demographic variables (sex, age, education, living situation, working situation) and all other axis-I mental disorders (e.g. major depression was adjusted for dysthymia, bipolar disorder as well as all anxiety and substance use disorders, whereas panic disorder was adjusted for agoraphobia, social phobia, specific phobia, generalised anxiety disorder as well as all mood and substance use disorders) and all other axis-II mental disorders
  8. PAF Population attributable fraction