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Table 3 First onset or recurrence of suicide ideation in relation to baseline lifetime mental disorders among those at risk (N = 4571), in unweighted numbers, weighted percentages and (un)adjusted odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI)

From: The longitudinal association between lifetime mental disorders and first onset or recurrent suicide ideation

  No suicide ideation
(n = 4439)
Suicide ideation
(n = 132)
Suicide ideation  
n (%) n (%) OR-1 AOR-2 AOR-3 AOR-4 PAF
Any mood disorder 847 (17.5) 73 (58.1) 6.51 [3.92,10.81] 5.04 [2.72,9.34] NA NA 48.2
Major depression 808 (16.6) 70 (57.2) 6.70 [4.08,11.01] 5.44 [3.10,9.55] 4.94 [2.74,8.91] 4.86 [2.69,8.79] 47.8
Dysthymia 44 (1.0) 11 (8.7) 10.06 [3.51,28.84] 6.15 [1.68,22.43] 3.00 [0.85,10.60] 2.49 [0.57,10.92] 7.6
Bipolar disorder 33 (0.8) 3 (0.9) 1.08 [0.32,3.64] 0.24 [0.05,contributed to1.24] 0.75 [0.10,5.63] 0.66 [0.09,4.82] 0.1
Any anxiety disorder 839 (18.8) 53 (47.8) 3.90 [2.28,6.68] 1.77 [0.85,3.67] NA NA 34.7
Panic disorder 169 (3.6) 11 (7.9) 2.24 [1.02,4.93] 0.95 [0.40,2.23] 0.91 [0.38,2.19] 0.94 [0.39,2.27] 4.2
Agoraphobia 37 (0.8) 7 (3.0) 3.95 [1.58,9.91] 1.53 [0.61,3.85] 1.23 [0.48,3.15] 1.35 [0.52,3.48] 2.1
Social phobia 387 (9.0) 28 (19.3) 2.42 [1.32,4.43] 0.98 [0.50,1.92] 0.94 [0.47,1.87] 1.00 [0.49,2.05] 11.0
Specific phobia 347 (7.7) 18 (15.9) 2.22 [1.03,4.79] 1.15 [0.42,3.15] 1.12 [0.39,3.19] 1.07 [0.35,3.24] 8.5
Generalised anxiety disorder 179 (4.0) 21 (20.4) 6.18 [3.13,12.23] 2.68 [1.33,5.40] 2.66 [1.32,5.38] 2.44 [1.14,5.19] 16.6
Any substance use disorder 711 (18.0) 44 (32.3) 2.17 [1.26,3.74] 1.49 [0.84,2.66] NA NA 16.9
Alcohol abuse 552 (14.1) 23 (17.5) 1.30 [0.68,2.49] 1.07 [0.57,2.01] 1.03 [0.54,1.94] 1.02 [0.52,1.98] 3.9
Alcohol dependence 58 (1.7) 8 (7.6) 4.77 [1.60,14.21] 2.59 [0.69,9.69] 1.92 [0.51,7.24] 1.96 [0.55,6.99] 5.8
Drug abuse 129 (3.4) 15 (16.0) 5.26 [2.31,12.01] 2.72 [1.07,6.89] 2.61 [1.12,6.07] 2.40 [0.96,6.04] 12.6
Drug dependence 47 (1.6) 10 (5.8) 3.92 [1.49,10.30] 1.43 [0.42,4.88] 1.56 [0.46,5.34] 1.37 [0.44,4.25] 4.2
Any axis-I mental disorder 1759 (40.2) 97 (81.2) 6.38 [3.64,11.18] NA NA NA 67.7
Number of axis-I disorders
 0 2716 (61.0) 35 (18.8) REF NA NA NA NA
 1 1058 (23.6) 38 (31.4) 4.27 [2.23,8.16]     
 2 393 (8.8) 24 (23.3) 8.55 [4.19,17.46]     
 3 or more 272 (6.6) 35 (26.5) 12.96 [6.47,25.98]     
Antisocial personality disorder 91 (2.8) 12 (10.3) 3.88 [1.65,9.13] NA 2.36 [1.13,4.93] 2.14 [0.99,4.63] 7.4
Borderline personality disorder 26 (0.6) 8 (8.0) 13.76 [4.88,38.78] NA 7.16 [1.04,49.45] 6.68 [0.93,47.72] 7.2
Any axis-2 mental disorder 115 (3.4) 18 (16.9) 5.66 [2.70,11.87] NA NA NA 13.5
  1. Bold: Significant OR at the 0.05 level, 2-sided test
  2. NA Not applicable
  3. OR-1 Adjusted for time between baseline and follow-up assessments
  4. AOR-2 Adjusted for time between baseline and follow-up assessments, demographic variables (sex, age, education, living situation, working situation) and other axis-I mental disorders except for those within its own main category (e.g. major depression was adjusted for all anxiety and substance use disorders, whereas panic disorder was adjusted for all mood and substance use disorders)
  5. AOR-3 Adjusted for time between baseline and follow-up assessments, demographic variables (sex, age, education, living situation, working situation) and all other axis-I mental disorders (e.g. major depression was adjusted for dysthymia, bipolar disorder as well as all anxiety and substance use disorders, whereas panic disorder was adjusted for agoraphobia, social phobia, specific phobia, generalised anxiety disorder as well as all mood and substance use disorders)
  6. AOR-4 Adjusted for time between baseline and follow-up assessments, demographic variables (sex, age, education, living situation, working situation) and all other axis-I mental disorders (e.g. major depression was adjusted for dysthymia, bipolar disorder as well as all anxiety and substance use disorders, whereas panic disorder was adjusted for agoraphobia, social phobia, specific phobia, generalised anxiety disorder as well as all mood and substance use disorders) and all other axis-II mental disorders
  7. PAF Population attributable fraction