Skip to main content

Table 1 Demographic and questionnaire characteristics of healthy controls and depressed patients at baseline (means and SD (in brackets))

From: Implicit affectivity in clinically depressed patients during acute illness and recovery

VariableControl group
(N = 39)
Depressed patients
(N = 39)
p
Age31.10 (4.39)31.82 (8.04)n.s.
Gender (f/m)26/1326/13
Level of School Education  < .05 A,*
N 9th grade12
N 10th grade617
N 12th grade3220
Illness duration of current episode (in months)12.72 (13.74)
Number of episodes3.00 (2.00)
Lifetime hospitalization (weeks)5.21 (8.17)
BDI-II3.82 (4.67)31.26 (9.69)< .001*
PANAS-PA trait36.42 (5.29)21.79 (6.87)< .001*
PANAS-PA state31.38 (5.90)20.95 (6.82)< .001*
PANAS-NA trait14.29 (3.10)27.15 (7.16)< .001*
PANAS-NA state12.08 (1.95)21.79 (7.96)< .001*
IPANAT-PA2.41 (0.34)2.04 (0.42)< .001*
IPANAT-NA1.72 (0.37)1.90 (0.38)< .05*
  1. A χ 2 (2) = 8.36, p = 0.015; * Significant differences between groups
  2. BDI-II Beck Depression Inventory II; PANAS-PA Positive Affect Scale of the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule, trait and state version; PANAS-NA Negative Affect Scale of the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule, trait and state versions; IPANAT-PA Implicit Positive and Negative Affect Test, positive affect; IPANAT-NA Implicit Positive and Negative Affect Test, negative affect