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Table 4 Hierarchical regression analyses of stroke survivors

From: Associations of psychological distress with positive psychological variables and activities of daily living among stroke patients: a cross-sectional study

 DepressionAnxiety
Step 1 (β)Step 2 (β)Step 3 (β)Step 1 (β)Step 2 (β)Step 3 (β)
Step 1 Demographic Characteristics
Age0.0390.0130.0190.0280.0080.016
Gender−0.055− 0.057− 0.030− 0.031− 0.032− 0.009
Marital status0.0620.0490.0210.0190.009−0.019
Education_1−0.048−0.021− 0.007−0.0200.0000.010
Education_2−0.124*−0.075− 0.041−0.132**− 0.094−0.070
Residence types0.0670.0370.0350.106**0.082*0.089*
Chronic disease0.094*0.0490.0310.085*0.0490.042
Monthly income_10.184**0.2180.216**0.142**0.168**0.165**
Monthly income_20.179**0.1840.195**0.117**0.121**0.136**
Medical payment types0.074*0.0510.0000.0400.022−0.014
Step 2 Activities of Daily Living (ADL)
 −0.335**−0.271** −0.261**− 0.237**
Step 3 Positive psychological variables
 Social support−0.111** −0.142**
 Hope−0.120** −0.148**
 Resilience−0.179** −0.083
 Self-efficacy−0.031 −0.135**
F4.704**11.806**14.009**4.213**8.114**9.233**
R20.0690.1690.2440.0620.1230.176
Adjusted R20.0540.1550.2270.0470.1070.157
R20.0690.1000.0750.0620.0600.053
  1. Notes. Education_1 means Middle school vs. Primary school. Education_2 means College vs. Primary school. Monthly income_1 means ‘318.9–797.0 (US dollars)’ vs. ‘< 318.8’. Monthly income_2 means ‘> 797.1 (US dollars)’ vs. ‘< 318.8’
  2. * p < 0.05. ** p < 0.01 (two-tailed)