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Table 3 Results of repeated measures ANOVAs and analyses of covariance comparing the treatment groups with independent covariates analyzed separately; sample sizes for main ANOVAs without covariates were n = 400 (BID), n = 193 (inpatients); df = 1 in dependent variables; df = 2 in covariates; error df = 515

From: Effectiveness of inpatient versus outpatient complex treatment programs in depressive disorders: a quasi-experimental study under naturalistic conditions

OutcomeEffects of timeEffects of groupInteraction time x groupInteractions time x group x covariate
Severity of self-rated depression (BDI score)F = 23.01
p < .001
F = 0.21
p = .65
F = 1.33
p = .25
SeverityaF = 1.91; p = .15
RecurrentbF = 1.51; p = .22
Family StatuscF = 1.16; p = .32
EmploymentdF = 1.93; p = .15
MedicationeF = 1.56; p = .21
Severity of depression assessed by the therapist (MADRS)F = 26.52
p < .001
F = 1.19
p = .28
F = 0.51
p = .35
SeverityaF = 0.51; p = .60
RecurrentbF = 0.72; p = .49
Family StatuscF = 0.29; p = .75
EmploymentdF = 0.63; p = .53
MedicationeF = 2.00; p = .14
Global Functioning (GAF)F = 22.84
p < .001
F = 2.19
p = .14
F = 1.08
p = .30
SeverityaF = 1.29; p = .28
RecurrentbF = 1.01; p = .36
Family StatuscF = 0.44; p = .65
EmploymentdF = 1.81; p = .17
MedicationeF = 1.27; p = .28
Global burden of psychopathology (SCL-90-R GSI)F = 26.72
p < .001
F = 0.00
p = .998
F = 0.10
p = .75
SeverityaF = 1.56; p = .21
RecurrentbF = 1.22; p = .30
Family StatuscF = 1.06; p = .35
EmploymentdF = 2.46; p = .09
MedicationeF = 0.64; p = .53
  1. Legend:aRegarding diagnosis (low to moderate versus severe depressive episode); bSecond or more versus first episode; cpartnership yes/no; dcurrent employment yes/no; ePsychotropic medication yes/no