Skip to main content

Table 2 Prevalence of diagnostic criteria of BPD after ICD-10 of the interval 1996–2004 compared to the interval 2008–2012

From: Pharmacotherapy of borderline personality disorder: what has changed over two decades? A retrospective evaluation of clinical practice

 diagnostic criteria 
2008–2012 (N = 87)1996–2004 (N = 142)
% (n)% (n)Fisher’s exact (p value)
unstable and capricious (impulsive, whimsical) mood99 (86)98 (139)0.6358
chronic feelings of emptiness94 (82)44 (63)< 0.0001
recurrent threats or acts of self-harm93 (81)94 (134)1.0000
disturbances in and uncertainty about self-image, aims, and internal preferences92 (80)74 (105)0.0009
tendency to act unexpectedly and without consideration of the consequences89 (77)80 (114)0.1426
anger or violence, with inability to control the resulting behavioral explosions72 (63)63 (90)0.1934
liability to become involved in intense and unstable relationships, often leading to emotional crisis69 (60)46 (66)0.0010
excessive efforts to avoid abandonment69 (60)18 (25)< 0.0001
marked tendency to engage in quarrelsome behavior and to have conflicts with others, especially when impulsive acts are thwarted or criticized53 (43)28 (40)0.0002
difficulty in maintaining any course of action that offers no immediate reward52 (45)39 (55)0.0566
  1. Rates in %, N number of patients. Bonferroni correction (p < 0.005). Significant p-values are highlighted in bold