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Table 3 Treatment barriers (n = 429)

From: Treatment utilization and treatment barriers in individuals with body dysmorphic disorder

Barriers to treatment%(n)
Stigma, shame, and discrimination barriers
 I felt ashamed of my problems.49.9(214)
 I was not comfortable discussing my problems with a health professional.36.6(157)
 I wanted to handle it on my own.31.2(134)
 I felt ashamed about needing help for my problem.28.9(124)
 I worried about what people would think if they knew I was in treatment.21.0(90)
 I would only disclose my appearance concerns, if someone specifically asked about them. a17.0(73)
 I was afraid of being criticized by my family if I sought psychiatric help.10.7(46)
 I was scared about being put in a hospital against my will.6.5(28)
Treatment satisfaction and perception barriers
 I am unsure if I really need treatment. a28.9(124)
 Only cosmetic or medical treatments can help with my problems. a28.2(121)
 I did not think treatment would work.26.6(114)
 Nobody would understand my problems anyway. a26.1(112)
 I received treatment before and it did not work.14.5(62)
 I am not ready for treatment, yet. a7.9(34)
 I was not satisfied with the services that were available.7.2(31)
 I do not need treatment. a3.3(14)
Logistic and financial barriers
 I was unsure about who to see or where to go.28.2(121)
 I was worried about how much it would cost.15.4(66)
 I thought it would be too inconvenient or take too much time.12.4(53)
 I had problems with transportation or scheduling.8.9(38)
 I could not choose the provider I wanted to see.7.7(33)
 I could not get an appointment.7.7(33)
 Health insurance would not cover treatment.5.1(22)
  1. Note. a Additional items added to the original version of the Barriers to Treatment Questionnaire; Marques et al., 2010 [36])