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Table 1 The structure and contents of motivational interviewing sessions

From: The impact of motivational interviewing on relapse to substance use among women in Iran: a randomized clinical trial

SessionContent
FirstIntroduction: Norms and procedures of group, introducing motivational interviewing and stages of change, determining stage of change.
SecondDescribing a typical day: Describing substance use in terms of quantity, physiological effects, signs of substance problems. How to monitor substance use with a screening log.
ThirdExpectations: Discussing what we think substances do for us, why we take them, the good and not so good of use.
FourthSelf-efficacy and temptation: Recognizing triggers and tempting situations; comparing tempting situations and confidence to use or not in these situations.
FifthRewarding successes: How to recognize successes, setting goals and then rewarding yourself.
SixthEfficacy: Practicing refusal of drugs using role plays.
SeventhUrge: Dealing with urges, how to avoid them and cope with them, identifying other enjoyable activities, alternatives to substance use.
EighthSlips: Using a slip to learn, reviewing past reasons for changing use, resources available and what can be done after a slip; summary and conclusion.