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Table 1 Baseline ASD+ participants - demographics characteristics by intervention arm

From: Clinical and cost effectiveness of staff training in the delivery of Positive Behaviour Support (PBS) for adults with intellectual disabilities, autism spectrum disorder and challenging behaviour - randomised trial

N (%)All ASD+ (n = 113)TAU (n = 66)Intervention (n = 47)P-value
Demographics
Age, years (mean, SD)34.6 (14.0)33.0 (14.0)36.9 (14.0)0.139
Gender, Male83 (73)89 (74)34 (72)0.821
Ethnic origin, White75 (66)44 (67)31 (66)0.937
Short Form Adaptive Behaviour Scale (SABS) (mean, SD)46.9 (22.2)46.6 (20.1)47.2 (22.6)0.900
Current accommodation0.008
 Residential41 (36)20 (30)21 (45) 
 Supported living37 (33)18 (27)19 (40) 
 Family home / Own house35 (31)28 (42)7 (15) 
Clinical
Mini PAS-ADD (n, %) (n = 241)
  Common mental disorder (CMD)52 (47)29 (45)23 (50)0.575
  Severe mental illness (SMI)20 (18)11 (17)9 (20)0.681
ABC (mean, SD)
  Total score70.7 (29.5)74.4 (30.1)65.5 (28.1)0.114
  Irritability21.1 (11.1)22.2 (10.9)19.6 (11.2)0.214
  Lethargy15.2 (9.2)16.5 (9.9)13.5 (7.9)0.088
  Stereotypy7.4 (5.2)7.6 (5.2)7.1 (5.3)0.654
  Hyperactivity21.9 (10.3)23.1 (10.7)20.3 (9.5)0.144
  Inappropriate speech5.1 (4.3)5.0 (4.4)5.1 (4.3)0.924
Psychotropic medications
  Any drug102 (90)60 (91)42 (89)0.7845
  Antipsychotics74 (65)42 (64)32 (68)0.6239
Physical health problems
  Any physical health problem78 (70)48 (75)30 (64)0.203
  Mobilitya (n = 78)17 (22)10 (21)7 (23)0.795
  Sensory15 (19)12 (25)3 (10)0.102
  Epilepsy27 (35)14 (29)13 (43)0.201
  Incontinence29 (37)17 (35)12 (40)0.684
  Other49 (63)32 (67)17 (57)0.374
  1. aOf those with physical health problems, the number of people with the named problem. ASD Autism Spectrum Disorder, ABC Aberrant Behaviour Checklist, ABS Adaptive Behaviour Scale, IQR Interquartile range, SD Standard Deviation