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Table 3 Relationship between demographic variables and depression, anxiety and stress

From: Prevalence of anxiety, depression, and stress in patients with multiple sclerosis in Kermanshah-Iran: a cross-sectional study

VariablesDepression
Mean ± SDa
p-valueAnxiety
Mean ± SD
p-valueStress
Mean ± SD
p-value
GenderMale7.5 ± 4.20.4139.9 ± 5.70.3476.9 ± 4.70.216
Female8.4 ± 5.18.6 ± 5.88.4 ± 5.5
Family historyYes8.2 ± 3.80.98510.0 ± 5.90.5537.2 ± 5.60.877
No8.1 ± 5.08.9 ± 5.87.4 ± 4.9
History of the diseaseYes8.7 ± 4.80.5549.1 ± 5.90.9857.4 ± 5.70.949
No7.9 ± 4.99.0 ± 5.87.4 ± 4.8
SmokingYes6.4 ± 2.60.1368.7 ± 5.40.8847.3 ± 3.80.949
No8.3 ± 5.09.0 ± 5.97.4 ± 5.1
physical activityYes7.5 ± 4.80.2848.7 ± 5.60.6806.8 ± 5.00.111
No8.6 ± 4.89.2 ± 5.98.2 ± 4.9
Marital statusSingle7.5 ± 4.60.5319.6 ± 5.60.7516.8 ± 4.70.221
Married8.6 ± 5.18.70 ± 5.97.9 ± 5.2
Divorced and aligned6.5 ± 3.58.0 ± 9.92.5 ± 2.1
OccupationHousekeeper9.1 ± 5.10.0238.9 ± 6.10.1547.4 ± 5.00.601
Unemployed7.0 ± 3.410.1 ± 5.37.7 ± 5.4
Self-employed6.9 ± 4.88.1 ± 5.67.0 ± 5.2
Employee3.2 ± 3.14.6 ± 2.75.4 ± 4.3
Retired12.3 ± 4.714.7 ± 5.111.3 ± 2.5
  1. aStandard deviation