Skip to main content

Table 5 Personality traits as predictors of psychological distress following disaster relief work

From: The usefulness of pre-employment and pre-deployment psychological screening for disaster relief workers: a systematic review

DisorderPapers reporting significant association with disorder / papers reporting non-significant association with disorder
PTSDHardiness [76]
Tough mindedness / [68]
Extraversion [44] / [45, 68]
Neuroticism [32, 44, 45] / [68]
Dissimulation / [68]
Adjustment [73, 75]
Avoidance [45]
Psychoticism [44]
AnxietyTough mindedness / [68]
Extraversion / [68]
Neuroticism [68]
Dissimulation / [68]
DepressionTough mindedness / [68]
Extraversion / [68]
Neuroticism [68]
Dissimulation / [68]
Psychological distress / morbidityHardiness [61, 76]
Conscientiousness [60]
Neuroticism [60, 77]
Extroversion [60]
Adjustment [73, 75]
Peritraumatic dissociationAdjustment [64]
Prudence [64]
Ambition [64]
Identity [64]
Adaptive [64]