Skip to main content

Table 5 Peripheral levels of uric acid, albumin, total bilirubin, and PANSS total scores in schizophrenia before and after treatment

From: Peripheral non-enzymatic antioxidants in patients with schizophrenia: a case-control study

GroupBeforeAftert1/t2/t3/t4P1/P2/P3/P4
UA (μmol/L)ALB (g/L)TBIL (μmol/L)PANSSUA (μmol/L)ALB (g/L)TBIL (μmol/L)PANSS
SCZ (n = 77)305.47 ± 78.1842.61 ± 3.6717.92 ± 7.3293.91 ± 17.53318.00 ± 85.2439.99 ± 2.2313.33 ± 5.1445.19 ± 8.571.551/23.300/6.405/5.6960.125/<0.001/<0.001/<0.001
 Male (n = 27)348.81 ± 64.8943.65 ± 3.3417.75 ± 5.4990.00 ± 18.82374.00 ± 77.5741.03 ± 1.7714.66 ± 6.0246.07 ± 9.681.791/11.931/3.740/2.2660.085/0.001/0.032/<0.001
 Female (n = 50)282.06 ± 75.1742.04 ± 3.7418.01 ± 8.2096.02 ± 16.61287.76 ± 73.5939.43 ± 2.2612.61 ± 4.5044.72 ± 7.970.580/5.148/5.456/20.6570.564/<0.001/<0.001/<0.001
AU (n = 36)328.69 ± 78.7843.29 ± 3.3116.40 ± 5.7499.03 ± 20.88329.53 ± 95.1840.15 ± 2.1612.84 ± 3.8446.28 ± 8.420.063/5.807/3.985/14.6680.950/<0.001/<0.001/<0.001
 Male (n = 15)359.60 ± 63.4044.25 ± 2.8916.99 ± 3.8893.27 ± 23.26381.93 ± 83.7340.79 ± 1.2314.35 ± 4.0446.87 ± 8.551.220/4.618/1.728/8.1260.242/<0.001/0.106/<0.001
 Female (n = 21)306.62 ± 82.5842.60 ± 3.4815.98 ± 6.83103.14 ± 18.49292.10 ± 86.1139.69 ± 2.5611.76 ± 3.3745.86 ± 8.510.801/3.791/3.888/12.8020.433/0.001/0.001/<0.001
ANF (n = 41)285.07 ± 72.6042.00 ± 3.8919.25 ± 8.3289.41 ± 12.58307.88 ± 75.1939.86 ± 2.3012.84 ± 6.0844.24 ± 8.682.366/3.592/4.262/20.2210.023/0.001/<0.001/<0.001
 Male (n = 12)335.33 ± 66.9342.90 ± 3.8319.25 ± 8.3285.92 ± 10.79364.08 ± 71.4641.33 ± 2.3112.84 ± 6.0845.08 ± 11.241.264/1.269/1.476/9.4560.232/0.231/0.168/<0.001
 Female (n = 29)264.28 ± 65.1041.63 ± 3.9219.47 ± 8.8890.86 ± 13.15284.62 ± 64.4839.25 ± 2.0413.23 ± 5.1443.90 ± 7.592.007/3.500/4.136/18.2070.055/0.002/<0.001/<0.001
  1. AU antipsychotics-use, ANF antipsychotics-naïve/free, UA uric acid, ALB albumin, TBIL total bilirubin, PANSS Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale
  2. t1/t2/t3/t4 and P1/P2/P3/P4 are respectively the statistic of UA, ALB, TBIL, and PANSS