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Table 2 Rates of Psychiatric Diagnosis with Internet Use (Self-Report)

From: Problematic internet use in children and adolescents: associations with psychiatric disorders and impairment

Diagnosis PIU Absent
n = 440 (78.01%)
PIU Present
n = 124 (21.99%)
OR (95% CI) p aORa (95% CI) p aORb (95% CI) p
ASD 61 [70.93%] 25 [29.07%] 1.57 (0.94–2.62) 0.08 1.55 (0.90–2.61) 0.10 1.44 (0.83–2.46) 0.18
Anxiety 140 [76.50%] 43 [23.50%] 1.14 (0.75–1.73) 0.55 1.18 (0.76–1.82) 0.45 1.01 (0.60–1.68) 0.96
Depression 31 [62.00%] 19 [38.00%] 2.39 (1.30–4.37) <.001 2.43 (1.26–4.61) 0.01 2.43 (1.22–4.74) 0.01
ADHD-C 107 [69.93%] 46 [30.07%] 1.84 (1.20–2.80) <.001 1.97 (1.26–3.09) <.001 1.91 (1.14–3.22) 0.01
ADHD-I 140 [79.55%] 36 [20.45%] 0.88 (0.57–1.35) 0.55 0.82 (0.52–1.28) 0.40 1.07 (0.63–1.78) 0.81
Social Anxiety 49 [77.78%] 14 [22.22%] 1.02 (0.55–1.90) 0.96 1.04 (0.53–1.94) 0.90 0.96 (0.43–2.04) 0.91
  1. aAdjusted for sex, age, SES, collection site, and single caregiver; bAdjusted for sex, age, SES, collection site, single caregiver and all diagnoses
  2. Prevalence rates and adjusted odds ratios (95% CI) for associations between DSM-5 disorders (lifetime prevalence) and Problematic Internet Use (PIU) determined by a self-report score above or below a cut-off score of 40 on the Internet Addiction Test