Skip to main content

Table 4 Diagnostic test-retest reliability of DSM-5 diagnostic categories with ≥5 cases for at least one interview (T1 diagnosis from test interview, T2 diagnosis from retest interview)

From: Test-retest reliability of the computer-assisted DIA-X-5 interview for mental disorders

DSM-5 diagnosis (lifetime) Cross-tabulation T1 Jaccard Index (JI) Agreement (%) Cohen’s Kappa
no yes
T2 no . . Reversed JI   (CI of Kappa)
yes . .
Any depressive disorder (major depressive disorder and dysthymia)    37 2 0.78 91.7 0.81
   3 18 0.88   (0.66–0.97)
 Major depressive disorder (MDD) /    37 3 0.74 90.0 0.77
 Major depressive episodea    3 17 0.86   (0.60–0.95)
 Persistent depressive disorder (dysthymia) b    51 2 0.56 93.3 0.68
   2 5 0.93   (0.38–0.97)
Any anxiety disorder (without Panic attack)    29 9 0.58 78.3 0.55
   5 18 0.69   (0.34–0.77)
Any anxiety disorder (without Social anxiety disorder)    33 6 0.64 83.3 0.65
   4 18 0.76   (0.45–0.85)
 Social anxiety disorder    44 8 0.25 80.0 0.29
   4 4 0.79   (−0.02–0.59)
 Any specific phobia    48 3 0.67 93.3 0.76
   1 8 0.92   (0.54–0.98)
 Any specific phobia including one agoraphobic situation only    46 3 0.64 91.7 0.73
   2 9 0.90   (0.51–0.95)
 Panic disorder b    51 3 0.50 91.7 0.62
   2 5 0.91   (0.31–0.92)
 Panic attack    39 5 0.71 90.0 0.76
   1 15 0.87   (0.59–0.94)
 Panic attack specifyer (panic attack without panic disorder)    47 4 0.64 91.7 0.71
   1 8 0.90   (0.48–0.95)
 Generalized anxiety disorder    47 3 0.62 91.7 0.71
   2 8 0.90   (0.47–0.95)
Obsessive-compulsive disorder b    52 5 0.37 91.7 0.51
   0 3 0.91   (0.15–0.87)
Any trauma- and stressor-related disorder    43 5 0.59 88.3 0.67
   2 10 0.86   (0.44–0.89)
 Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) b    54 0 0.83 98.3 0.90
   1 5 0.98   (0.71–1.00)
 Any adjustment disorder c    47 5 0.38 86.7 0.48
   2 5 0.85   (0.17–0.79)
Any somatic symptom or related disorder b    49 6 0.45 90.0 0.58
   0 5 0.89   (0.29–0.87)
 Somatic symptom disorder b    51 5 0.44 91.7 0.58
   0 4 0.91   (0.25–0.90)
Any eating disorder    50 0 0.80 95.0 0.87
   2 8 0.96   (0.69–1.00)
 Anorexia nervosa b    52 0 1.00 100.0 1.00
   0 8 1.00  
Any disruptive, impulse-control or conduct disorder b    50 2 0.50 91.7 0.62
   3 5 0.91   (0.31, 0.92)
 Intermittent explosive disorder b    53 1 0.71 96.7 0.81
   1 5 0.96   (0.57–1.00)
Any substance use disorder    40 3 0.70 90.0 0.75
   3 14 0.87   (0.57–0.94)
 Alcohol use disorder b    50 2 0.60 93.3 0.71
   2 6 0.93   (0.45–0.98)
 Any medication / illicit substance use disorder b    53 2 0.57 95.0 0.70
   1 4 0.95   (0.38–1.00)
  Cannabis use disorder b    55 1 0.80 98.3 0.88
   0 4 0.98   (0.65–1.00)
 Tobacco use disorder    47 2 0.77 96.7 0.84
   1 10 0.94   (0.66–1.00)
Any DSM-5 disorder    17 3 0.91 91.7 0.85
   1 39 0.81   (0.70–0.99)
  1. acomputed separately, no hypomanic cases and thus identical
  2. bsuggested criteria of at least ten positive cases is not fulfilled [19]
  3. cwithout application of diagnostic exclusion criteria