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Table 2 Dietary inflammatory index (DII) in groups of Depression and Anxiety

From: Association between Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII®) and depression and anxiety in the Mashhad Stroke and Heart Atherosclerotic Disorder (MASHAD) Study population

  Depression severity score   Anxiety severity score  
No or minimal N = 4452 Mild N = 1251 Moderate N = 924 Severe N = 456 p-value No or minimal N = 3503 Mild N = 1904 Moderate N = 1026 Severe N = 650 p-value
DII Males 0.57 (−0.37, 1.38) 0.53 (−0.71, 1.45) 0.61 (− 0.56, 1.36) 0.44 (− 0.41, 1.31) 0.557 0.60 (− 0.41, 1.42) 0.51 (− 0.45, 1.29) 0.55 (− 0.39, 1.40) 0.43 (− 0.77, 1.52) 0.402
Females 0.39 (− 0.75, 1.41) 0.30 (− 0.81, 1.34) 0.38 (− 0.77, 1.38) 0.31 (− 0.86, 1.22) 0.361 0.41 (− 0.77, 1.40) 0.34 (− 0.77, 1.34) 0.35 (− 0.73, 1.43) 0.22 (− 0.97, 1.23) 0.082
  1. Values are expressed as median and inter-quartile range. Between-group comparisons were assessed by Kruskal–Wallis test