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Table 1 Comparison of baseline variables between respondents who participated at follow-up and those who did not

From: Loneliness as a predictor of outcomes in mental disorders among people who have experienced a mental health crisis: a 4-month prospective study

Characteristic Completers Non-completers p-Valuea
M (SD)/% N M (SD)/% N
Age 40.2 (12.8) 309 40.3 (13.4) 89 0.95
Gender (%)
 Male 39.0 121 44.3 39 0.37
 Female 61.0 189 55.7 49  
Ethnic background (%)
 White British 53.1 164 56.2 50 0.64
 White Other 11.0 34 6.7 6  
 Black/Black British 19.1 59 23.6 21  
 Asian/Asian British 9.7 30 7.9 7  
 Mixed 7.1 22 5.6 5  
Born in the UK (%)
 No 23.6 72 19.3 17 0.40
 Yes 76.4 233 80.7 71  
Housing (%)
 Independent accommodation 91.9 284 82.0 73 0.01
 Other 8.1 25 18.0 16  
Contact with children under 16 (%)
 Living with dependent children 16.5 51 18.0 16 0.73
 Other 83.6 259 82.0 73  
Education attainment (%)
 No qualifications 17.5 54 24.7 22 0.18
 Other qualifications 53.4 165 53.9 48  
 Degree 29.1 90 21.4 19  
Employment (%)
 No 60.3 187 78.7 70 0.01
 In voluntary, protected or sheltered work 9.0 28 5.6 5  
 In regular employment 30.7 95 15.7 14  
Living with a partner or with family (%)
 No 55.7 172 46.1 41 0.11
 Yes 44.3 137 53.9 48  
Loneliness (range 8–32) 21.9 (4.9) 310 21.7 (5.4) 89 0.68
Social network size (range 0–10) 4.9 (2.3) 310 4.8 (2.2) 89 0.55
Social capital (range − 6 − 6) 2.6 (2.8) 308 2.2 (3.4) 88 0.28
Number of psychiatric inpatient hospitalisations (%)
 Never 37.1 115 37.1 33 0.37
 Once 21.9 68 20.2 18  
 2–5 times 26.8 83 21.4 19  
 More than 5 times 14.2 44 21.4 19  
Number of years since first contact with mental health services (%)
 Less than 3 months 18.1 56 12.5 11 0.57
 3 months – 1 year 9.0 28 12.5 11  
 1–2 years 6.8 21 8.0 7  
 2–10 years 30.7 95 35.2 31  
 More than 10 years 35.5 110 31.8 28  
Diagnosis (%)
 Psychosis 25.2 77 33.7 29 0.31
 Bipolar affective disorder/Manic episode 16.7 51 15.1 13  
 Depressive/Anxiety disorders 37.3 114 26.7 23  
 Personality disorders 12.4 38 16.3 14  
 Other disorders 8.5 26 8.1 7  
Overall symptom severity (range 24–168) 43.5 (11.5) 309 45.1 (12.9) 84 0.29
Affective symptoms (range 4–28) 12.5 (5.5) 310 12.7 (6.4) 89 0.80
Self-rated recovery (range 0–88) 51.8 (17.0) 308 50.4 (18.6) 89 0.52
Health-related quality of life (range 0–100) 52.9 (23.6) 309 53.1 (26.0) 87 0.96
  1. M mean, SD standard deviation, N number of participants
  2. For instruments (loneliness, social network size, social capital, overall symptom severity, affective symptoms, self-rated recovery, health-related quality of life) range of scores is indicated between brackets
  3. aSignificant p-values printed in bold