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Table 3 Differences in outcome between the PD-Lo and the PD-Hi patients at treatment termination (week 20) and three-month follow-up (week 32)

From: The influence of depressive symptoms on the effectiveness of a short-term group form of Schema Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for personality disorders: a naturalistic study

 week 20week 32
Outcome measureEMD (SE)pEMD (SE)p
SCL scales
anxiety−0.61 (0,93).51−1.78 (1.02).08
phobic anxiety−1.24 (0.54).02− 1.21 (0.59).04
depression−5.12 (1.98).01−7.44 (2.09).00*
somatisation−0.86 (0.93).36−1.02 (1.03).32
insufficiency0.44 (0.84).60−0.66 (0.91).47
interpersonal sensitivity−1.10 (1.45).45−3.53 (1.57).03
hostility0.61 (0.48).210.03 (0.53).96
sleep problems0.16 (0.39).69−0.38 (0.43).44
other−0.67 (0.64).29−2.76 (0.69).00*
General Symptom Inventory−12.09 (6.64).07−23.61 (7.17).00*
YSQ domains
 schema severity0.02 (0.08).810.03 (0.09).72
disconnection-rejection0.05 (0.08).540.003 (0.10).98
impaired autonomy−0.48 (0.08).56−0.0002 (0.09).99
impaired limits0.10 (0.07).190.12 (0.08).14
other directedness0.12 (0.10).190.10 (0.10).34
overvigilance and inhibition−0.01 (0.08).95−0.04 (0.09).66
UCL scales
active coping0.49 (0.42).250.74 (0.47).11
avoidance0.26 (0.47).590.57 (0.52).27
palliative reaction pattern−0.26 (0.52).960.77 (0.58).18
seeking social support0.25 (0.44).570.35 (0.48).47
  1. PD-Lo Personality Disorder with low severity of depressive symptoms; PD-Hi Personality Disorder with high severity of depressive symptoms; SCL Symptom Checklist; YSQ Young Schema Questionnaire; UCL Utrecht Coping List; EMD Estimated Mean Difference; SE Standard Error. The minus sign(−) before the EMD score means that the PD-HI improves more than the PD-Lo patient group. *p < .01