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Table 2 Bivariate analysis taking participants with or without schizophrenia as a dependent variable

From: Relationship between Toxoplasma gondii seropositivity and schizophrenia in the Lebanese population: potential implication of genetic polymorphism of MMP-9

  Patients without schizophrenia
Frequency (%)
Patients with schizophrenia
Frequency (%)
p-value
Toxoplasmosis IgM+/IgG+ Yes 1 (0.7%) 56 (37.6%) < 0.001
No 148 (99.3%) 93 (62.4%)
Toxoplasmosis IgM−/IgG+ Yes 117 (79.1%) 74 (79.6%) 0.923
No 31 (20.9%) 19 (20.4%)
Presence of a cat at home Yes 9 (6.0%) 55 (36.7%) < 0.001
No 141 (94.0%) 95 (63.3%)
Contact with a cat Yes 12 (8.0%) 61 (40.7%) < 0.001
No 138 (92.0%) 89 (59.3%)
Water drinking Tap 69 (46.0%) 117 (78.0%) < 0.001
Well 25 (16.7%) 8 (5.3%)
Water Gallon 56 (37.3%) 25 (16.7%)
Consumption of raw meat Yes 142 (94.7%) 140 (93.3%) 0.627
No 8 (5.3%) 10 (6.7%)
Smoking Yes 34 (22.7%) 91 (60.7%) < 0.001
No 116 (77.3%) 59 (39.3%)
Alcohol Yes 10 (6.7%) 18 (12.0%) 0.112
No 140 (93.3%) 132 (88.0%)
Illegal drugs Yes 0 (0.0%) 12 (8.0%) < 0.001
No 150 (100.0%) 138 (92.0%)
Brain disease Yes 1 (0.7%) 6 (4.0%) 0.056
No 149 (99.3%) 144 (96.0%)
  1. Numbers in bold indicate significant p-values