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Table 1 Comparison of sociodemographic characteristics and pregnancy and birth history of ADHD group and control group

From: Examining the autistic traits in children and adolescents diagnosed with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and their parents

 ADHD Group (n = 66)Control Group(n = 33)p Value
NumberPercentageNumberPercentage
Gender    0.744
 Girl16%24.29%27.3 
 Boy50%75.824%72.7 
Child Education Level    0.653
 Primary School34%51.516%48.5 
 Secondary School25%37.915%45.5 
 High School7%10.62%6.0 
Mother Education Level    0.021*
 Primary School18%27.35%15.2 
 Secondary School9%13.62%6.0 
 High School22%33.37%21.2 
 University17%25.819%57.6 
Father Education Level    0.001*
 Primary School14%21.23%9.1 
 Secondary School8%12.14%12.1 
 High School26%39.44%12.1 
 University18%27.322%66.7 
Monthly Income    < 0.001*
 < 1500 Turkish liras5%7.60%0.0 
 1500–3499 Turkish liras42%63.68%24.2 
 3500–5000 Turkish liras6%9.111%33.3 
 > 5000 Turkish liras13%19.714%42.5 
Smoking in Pregnancy    0.400
 No56%84.833%90.9 
 Yes10%15.23%9.1 
Problem in Pregnancy    0.428
 No57%86.431%93.9 
 Yes9%13.62%6.1 
Birth Type    0.196
 Normal25%37.917%51.5 
 C-Section41%62.116%48.5 
Low Birth Weight    0.579
 No64%97.031%93.9 
 Yes2%3.02%6.1 
Prematurity    0.138
 No58%8832%97 
 Yes8%121%3 
Problem at Birth    < 0.001*
 No38%57.633%100 
 Yes28%42.40%0 
  1. *p < 0.05