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Table 3 Endorsement of themes among the 9 FGD groups

From: Mental illness stigma’s reasons and determinants (MISReaD) among Singapore’s lay public – a qualitative inquiry

Themes Endorsed By FGD Group(s) Total Units
Fear towards PMI 1–9 9
Perception that PMI are burdensome 1,2,4,5,6,8 6
Dismissal of mental illness 1,2,3,7,8 5
Stigmatizing upbringing 1,2,3,6,7,8 6
In-group vs out-group 1,2,3,4,8,9 6
Perceived inability to handle interactions with PMI 1,2,3,4,5,6,7 7
Elitism mindset among Singaporeans 1,2,4,8 4
Chinese culture and “face” 1,3,4,5,8 5
Attributing MI to spiritual possession 1,2,5,6,7,9 6
Negative portrayal of MI by media 1,2,3,4,5,9 9
Asian conservative and collectivist values 1,2,4,6,7 5