Skip to main content

Table 3 Differences in demographic characteristics, coping style and social support between respondents who suspected or did not suspect that they had COVID-19

From: Coping style, social support and psychological distress in the general Chinese population in the early stages of the COVID-19 epidemic

  Suspected
(n = 256)
Not suspected
(n = 1332)
df t/χ2 P-value
Age, years 21.2 (5.51) 36.08 (11.40) 746.39 32.01 < 0.001
Family income coefficient 0.62 (0.34) 0.88 (0.57) 1090.88 70.51 < 0.001
Marriage    1 291 < 0.001
 Married 234 (91.41%) 449 (33.71%)    
 Unmarried 22 (8.59%) 883 (66.29%)    
Sex    1 3.13 0.08
 Male 97 (37.89) 429 (32.21)    
 Female 159 (62.11) 903 (67.79)    
Education level    3 45.09 < 0.001
 Senior high school or lower 2 (0.78) 130 (9.76)    
 Technical 63 (24.61) 288 (21.62)    
 Bachelor 178 (69.53) 722 (54.16)    
 Postgraduate 13 (5.08) 192 (14.41)    
Residence in Hubei province   1 320.93 < 0.001
 Yes 97 (37.89) 43 (3.23)    
 No 159 (62.11) 1289 (96.77)    
History of contact with epidemic area   1 1166.16 < 0.001
 Yes 254 (99.22) 69 (5.18)    
 No 2 (0.78) 1263 (94.82)    
Presence of COVID-19 in respondent’s community   1 100.40 < 0.001
 Yes 113 (44.14) 218 (16.37)    
 No 143 (55.86) 1114 (83.63)    
Time spent searching for information about COVID-2019 (h/day)   4 713.00 < 0.001
 1–2 0 766 (57.51)    
 3–4 22 (8.59) 285 (21.40)    
 5–6 39 (15.23) 132 (9.91)    
 7–8 167 (65.23) 65 (4.88)    
  ≥ 8 28 (10.93) 84 (6.31)    
Six-item Kessler Psychological Distress Scale
 Score ≤ 12 1 (0.39) 1225 (91.97)    
 Score ≥ 13 255 (99.61) 107 (8.03)    
Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire
 Active coping style 5.50 (2.62) 23.58 (7.20) 1090.88 70.51 < 0.001
 Passive coping style 5.57 (1.59) 9.69 (4.20) 1034.16 27.03 < 0.001
Social Support Rating Scale
 Subjective support 9.01 (1.49) 21.37 (5.36) 1419.38 71.06 < 0.001
 Objective support 2.34 (1.13) 8.95 (3.33) 1187.55 57.46 < 0.001
 Utilization of support 3.73 (0.84) 7.71 (2.07) 955.53 51.63 < 0.001
  1. Abbreviations: df, degree of freedom
  2. Note: Family income coefficient = family income / number of people in the family
  3. Unless otherwise noted, values are n (%)