Skip to main content

Table 1 Items with notable differences on the endorsement ratings between the Chinese expert panel and the English-language expert panel

From: Development of Chinese mental health first aid guidelines for psychosis: a Delphi expert consensus study

Items Rating
Professional Lived experience
Chinese English-language Chinese English-language
Section 1. Recognizing and acknowledging that someone may be developing psychosis
 The first aider should be aware that psychosis is not contagious. 97% 74%
 The first aider should be aware that psychosis is not an intellectual disability. 97% 78%
Section 2. Approaching the person
 The first aider should approach the person face-to-face, if possible. 90% 78% 88% 75%
Section 3. Communication (in a non-crisis situation)
 The first aider should avoid using psychiatric terms when talking to the person. 100% 74% 97% 75%
Section 5. Communication difficulties
 If appropriate and feasible, the first aider should check with others who know the person for advice on the best way to communicate with them. 100% 74%
Section 6. Being supportive
 The first aider should not tell the person to get their act together. 58% 83%
 The first aider should try to determine whether the person has a supportive social network and if they do, the first aider should encourage them to use these supports. 100% 74%
Section 8. Encouraging professional help (in a non-crisis situation)
 When encouraging the person to seek professional help, the first aider should focus on particular symptoms that are concerning the person and how treatment may help. 87% 70% 97% 75%
 The first aider should provide the person with a range of options for seeking professional help. 97% 75%
Section 10. Hallucination and delusion (in a non-crisis situation)
 If the person is experiencing paranoia, the first aider should give the person simple directions, if needed, e.g. “sit down, and let’s talk about it”. 97% 78%
  1. Note. items with notable differences are those which were rejected by one panel but endorsed by the other, and with a difference of ≥10% on the endorsement ratings