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Table 2 Associations between the HIC monitor and patient characteristics with seclusion analyzed by means of multilevel analysis

From: Does high and intensive care reduce coercion? Association of HIC model fidelity to seclusion use in the Netherlands

N= Basic frequencies multivariable blockwise model multivariable final model R2 R2
% or mean All patients % or mean secluded
Ex (b) 95 CI ex (b) p R2 Ex (b) 95 CI ex (b) p
6068 1058
  HIC Total score    0.98 0.96 0.99 < 0.001 0.27      0.27 0.4
Patient characteristics Demographics Age** 41.1 37.1 0.97 0.96 0.98 0.000 0.17 0.97 0.96 0.98 0.000 0.27
Male** 56.1% 67.4% 1.78 1.42 2.26 0.000 1.75 1.38 2.21 0.000
Partner* 45.6% 41.9% 0.76 0.61 0.95 0.014 0.82 0.66 1.02 0.088
Diagnosis No diagnosis** 18.4% 23.4% 1.97 1.41 2.77 0.000 0.27 1.59 1.18 2.15 0.002
Adjustment disorder 6.7% 5.5%         
Anxiety disorder** 6.9% 3.8%         
Depression** 10.6% 5.2%         
Bipolar 8.9% 10.5% 1.75 1.15 2.64 0.008 1.81 1.22 2.68 0.003
Psychosis 15.2% 16.3% 1.62 1.12 2.34 0.009 1.39 1.01 1.92 0.043
Schizophrenia 10.5% 12.3% 1.82 1.24 2.68 0.002 1.50 1.06 2.12 0.020
Organic disorder 1.1% 0.9%% 2.23 0.96 5.17 0.060 3.08 1.72 7.47 0.013
Drug abuse 23.8% 23.9% 1.64 1.19 2.28 0.003     
Developmental disorder & Autism 4.0% 3.9%         
Intellectual Disability 2.0% 2.3%         
Personality disorder** 26.5% 20.7%         
  HIC Items a               
  1. a Presented in online table
  2. **P < 0.001
  3. * P < 0.05