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Table 1 Severity of depression and anxiety and age-adjusted prevalence of moderate depression and anxiety (symptoms and report of ever having received a diagnosis) by city and sex

From: Prevalence of symptoms, ever having received a diagnosis and treatment of depression and anxiety, and associations with health service use amongst the general population in two Russian cities

  Arkhangelsk Novosibirsk Both sites
Men
(n = 1022)
Women
(n = 1430)
Men
(n = 1151)
Women
(n = 1474)
Men
(n = 2173)
Women
(n = 2904)
N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%)
PHQ-9 severity score
 No symptom (< 5) 784 (76.7) 902 (63.1) 807 (70.1) 827 (56.1) 1591 (73.2) 1729 (59.5)
 Mild depression (5–9) 198 (19.4) 407 (28.5) 259 (22.5) 444 (30.1) 457 (21.0) 851 (29.3)
 Moderate depression (10–14) 29 (2.8) 87 (6.1) 56 (4.9) 138 (9.4) 85 (3.9) 225 (7.8)
 Major depression (15–19) 9 (0.9) 27 (1.9) 24 (2.1) 52 (3.5) 33 (1.5) 79 (2.7)
 Major depression- severe (≥ 20) 2 (0.2) 7 (0.5) 5 (0.4) 13 (0.9) 7 (0.3) 20 (0.7)
Age-standardised prevalence of moderate depression PHQ9 ≥ 10 (95% CI) 3.7 (2.7, 5.0) 8.1 (6.8, 9.6) 6.9 (5.5, 8.6) 13.3 (11.7, 15.2) 5.4 (4.5, 6.4) 10.7 (9.6, 11.9)
Age-standardised prevalence ever diagnosed with depressiona (95% CI) (missing = 11) 2.6 (1.8, 3.9) 6.7 (5.5, 8.2) 1.3 (0.1, 2.2) 3.5 (2.7, 4.5) 2.0 (1.5, 2.7) 5.1 (4.3, 5.9)
GAD-7 Severity score
 No symptoms (< 5) 888 (86.9) 1070 (74.8) 957 (83.2) 1053 (71.4) 1845 (84.9) 2123 (73.1)
 Mild anxiety (5–9) 112 (11.0) 292 (20.4) 150 (13.0) 312 (21.2) 262 (12.1) 604 (20.8)
 Moderate anxiety (10–14) 14 (1.4) 46 (3.2) 34 (3.0) 73 (5.0) 48 (2.2) 119 (4.1)
 Severe anxiety (≥ 15) 8 (0.8) 22 (1.5) 10 (0.9) 36 (2.4) 18 (0.8) 58 (2.0)
Age-standardised prevalence of moderate anxiety GAD-7 ≥ 10 (95% CI) 3.8 (2.8, 5.2) 7.6 (6.3, 9.1) 2.2 (1.4, 3.3) 4.9 (3.8, 6.1) 3.0 (2.4, 3.9) 6.2 (5.4, 7.2)
Age-standardised prevalence ever diagnosed with anxietyb (95% CI) (missing = 12) 4.1 (3.0, 5.6) 12.1 (10.5, 14.0) 2.0 (1.2, 3.0) 5.7 (4.6, 7.0) 3.0 (2.3, 3.9) 8.9 (7.9, 10.0)
  1. a 11 participants responded “difficult to answer”. They were coded as missing
  2. b12 participants responded “difficult to answer”. They were coded as missing