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Table 4 Estimates of Linear Mixed Models examining the effect of the intervention on the Inventory of Attitudes toward Seeking Mental Health Services

From: The potential impact of an anti-stigma intervention on mental health help-seeking attitudes among university students

  Psychological Openness Help-seeking Propensity Indifference to Stigma
B 95% CI p B 95% CI p B 95% CI p
Intercept 6.82 1.70–11.93 0.01 14.17 9.98–18.35 < 0.001 10.21 3.33–17.08 0.004
Time 4.05 3.19–4.90 < 0.001 6.82 6.07–7.58 <  0.001 5.62 4.71–6.52 < 0.001
Time2 −1.57 −1.96 – −1.19 < 0.001 −2.83 −3.19 – −2.47 < 0.001 −2.21 −2.65 – −1.77 <  0.001
Age (Years) 0.26 0.05–0.47 0.02 0.31 0.14–0.48 <  0.001 0.27 −0.01 – 0.55 0.06
Gender
 Female 2.18 1.14–3.23 < 0.001 −0.30 −1.11 – 0.51 0.47 1.31 −0.02 – 2.65 0.05
 Male ref    ref    ref   
Ethnicity
 Chinese 0.50 −0.67 – 1.67 0.40 −0.62 −1.57 – 0.34 0.21 −0.98 −2.55 – 0.59 0.22
 Others ref    ref    ref   
Family or friends with mental illness
 Yes 2.59 1.62–3.56 < 0.001 0.01 −0.73 – 0.75 0.98 0.88 −0.34 – 2.09 0.16
 No ref    ref    ref   
Past experience in mental health field
 Yes 1.92 0.84–2.99 < 0.001 1.85 0.75–2.94 0.01 0.43 −1.01 – 1.87 0.56
 No ref    ref    ref   
Interaction terms
 Time * Gender −0.56 −1.08 – −0.03 0.04       
 Time*Family or friends with mental illness −0.55 −1.07 – − 0.03 0.04       
 Time *Past experience in mental health field     −1.82 −3.41 – −0.23 0.03    
 Time2 *Past experience in mental health field     0.77 0.01–1.52 0.047    
  1. B – unstandardized regression coefficient; 95% CI: 95% confidence interval of B
  2. Bold print denotes statistically significant B value