Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of studies included

From: Adverse childhood experiences and maternal anxiety and depression: a meta-analysis

First Author, Year, Reference Na Mat age at ACEs measure (years) Country Mat mental health measure Mat mental health time point Name of mat mental health measure Type of ACEs Measure
Angerud 2018 [22] 1188 30.83 Sweden Depression Prenatal
Postpartum
EPDS 10-item
Appleton 2019 [32] 126 28.9 USA Depression Prenatal EPDS 10-item
Folger 2018 [33] 257 USA Depression Postpartum EPDS 10-item
Fredriksen 2017 [34] 762 30.3 Norway Depression
Anxiety
Prenatal
Postpartum
EPDS
PRAQ-R
10-item
Hantsoo 2019 [35] 48 27.97 USA Depression
Anxiety
Prenatal EPDS
STAI State
STAI Trait
10-item
Howell 2017 [36] 101 26 USA Depression Prenatal CES-D 10-item
Letourneau 2019 [37] 907 32.16 Canada Depression
Anxiety
Prenatal
Postpartum
EDS
SCL-90-R– Anxiety
10-item
Menke 2018 [18] 250-prenatal
328- postpartum
USA Depression
Anxiety
Prenatal
Postpartum
EPDS-10
GAD-7
10-item
Mersky 2018 [38] 735 23.7 USA Depression Prenatal EPDS 10-item
Miller-Graff 2018 [39] 101 26 USA Depression Prenatal CES-D 10-item
Morrison 2017 [40] 25 26.92 USA Depression Postpartum EPDS 10-item
Narayan 2018 [41] 101 29.1 USA Depression Prenatal EPDS 10-item
Racine 2020 [12] 1994 33.87 Canada Depression Prenatal
Postpartum
EPDS 8-item
Wajid 2019 [13] 636 Canada Depression Prenatal EPDS 10-item
Young-Wolff 2019 [42] 355 30 USA Depression
Anxiety
Prenatal PHD-9 8-item
  1. CES-D Centre for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, EDS Edinburgh Depression Scale, EPDS Edinburgh Postpartum Depression Scale, GAD-7 Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-Item, PHQ-9 Patient Health Questionnaire, PRAQ-R Pregnancy-Related Anxiety Questionnaire-Revised, SCL-90-R Symptom Checklist-90, Revised, STAI State State Trait Anxiety Inventory- State, STAI Trait State Trait Anxiety Inventory- Trait. -: value not reported in the manuscript
  2. aSample size entered into the meta-analysis