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Table 1 Participant Sociodemographic and Clinical Characteristics

From: Mediation and moderation analyses: exploring the complex pathways between hope and quality of life among patients with schizophrenia

Characteristic Total N = 207 Male N = 137 Female N = 70 P value
Age in years, M (SD) 42.26 (10.02) 42.45 (10.06) 41.86 (9.99) 0.683
Marriage status, %(N)
 Alone 26.6 (55) 20.44 (28) 38.57 (27) <0.001
 Divorced 33.3 (69) 27.74 (38) 44.29 (31)  
 Marriage 40.1 (83) 51.82 (71) 17.14 (12)  
Education level, % (N)
 Less than high school 71.0 (147) 74.45 (102) 64.29 (45) 0.127
 High school and above 29.0 (60) 25.55 (35) 35.71 (25)  
Insight (G12), % (N)
 Complete (G12 = 1) 58.5 (121) 55.47 (76) 64.29 (45) 0.224
 Partial (G12 ≤ 3) 41.5 (86) 44.53 (61) 35.71 (25)  
 SHS-9, M (SD) 10.14 (4.72) 9.71 (4.79) 10.99 (4.49) 0.065
 CD-RISC, M (SD) 40.58 (14.29) 41.42 (14.61) 38.94 (13.59) 0.238
 CDSS, M (SD) 3.25 (3.26) 3.22 (3.50) 3.31 (2.75) 0.843
 SQLS, M (SD) 62.02 (40.39) 57.48 (37.56) 70.91 (44.39) 0.037
  1. Analysis between male vs female was performed with t-tests for continuous variables (normal distribution) and χ2 test for categorical variables
  2. SD standard deviations, M means, N numbers, G12 12th item of general psychopathology symptoms of PANSS, SHS-9 schizophrenia hope scale, CD-RISC Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale, CDSS Calgary Depression Scale for Schizophrenia, SQLS Schizophrenia Quality of Life Scale