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Table 1 Participant Sociodemographic and Clinical Characteristics

From: Mediation and moderation analyses: exploring the complex pathways between hope and quality of life among patients with schizophrenia

CharacteristicTotal N = 207Male N = 137Female N = 70P value
Age in years, M (SD)42.26 (10.02)42.45 (10.06)41.86 (9.99)0.683
Marriage status, %(N)
 Alone26.6 (55)20.44 (28)38.57 (27)<0.001
 Divorced33.3 (69)27.74 (38)44.29 (31) 
 Marriage40.1 (83)51.82 (71)17.14 (12) 
Education level, % (N)
 Less than high school71.0 (147)74.45 (102)64.29 (45)0.127
 High school and above29.0 (60)25.55 (35)35.71 (25) 
Insight (G12), % (N)
 Complete (G12 = 1)58.5 (121)55.47 (76)64.29 (45)0.224
 Partial (G12 ≤ 3)41.5 (86)44.53 (61)35.71 (25) 
 SHS-9, M (SD)10.14 (4.72)9.71 (4.79)10.99 (4.49)0.065
 CD-RISC, M (SD)40.58 (14.29)41.42 (14.61)38.94 (13.59)0.238
 CDSS, M (SD)3.25 (3.26)3.22 (3.50)3.31 (2.75)0.843
 SQLS, M (SD)62.02 (40.39)57.48 (37.56)70.91 (44.39)0.037
  1. Analysis between male vs female was performed with t-tests for continuous variables (normal distribution) and χ2 test for categorical variables
  2. SD standard deviations, M means, N numbers, G12 12th item of general psychopathology symptoms of PANSS, SHS-9 schizophrenia hope scale, CD-RISC Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale, CDSS Calgary Depression Scale for Schizophrenia, SQLS Schizophrenia Quality of Life Scale