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Table 5 Scores on the total C-PMPUQ-SV and three subscales separated by gender

From: Factor structure and measurement invariance of the problematic mobile phone use questionnaire-short version across gender in Chinese adolescents and young adults

ScaleMale (M ± SD)Female (M ± SD)tP
C-PMPUQ-SV23.78 ± 4.5223.87 ± 3.930.3330.739
PD6.46 ± 1.736.66 ± 1.572.0940.037
DU8.74 ± 2.618.61 ± 2.18−0.9080.365
PU8.59 ± 2.208.60 ± 1.650.0970.923
  1. Note: C-PMPUQ-SV Chinese version of the Problematic Mobile Phone Use Questionnaire-Short Version; PD perceived dependence; DU dangerous use; PU prohibited use