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Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics of the study participants at inclusion

From: Lower serum nicotinamide N-methyltransferase levels in patients with bipolar disorder during acute episodes compared to healthy controls: a cross-sectional study

 Healthy controls (n = 65)BD patients (n = 80)p
Age (years)34 (25, 46)31 (24, 45)
Sex (M/F)34/3149/31
Metabolic parameters
 BMI (kg/m2)23.03 (21.76, 24.53)23.98 (22.29,
26.79)
0.064
 SBP (mmHg)120 (112, 135)126 (120, 142)0.031*
 DBP (mmHg)80 (70, 85)85 (71, 88)0.049*
 TG (mmol/L)1.03 (0.71, 1.76)1.42 (0.92, 1.83)0.105
 CHO (mmol/L)4.31 (3.83, 5.42)4.70 (4.33, 5.53)0.026*
 HDL-c (mmol/L)1.24 (1.05, 1.47)1.29 (1.09, 1.48)0.618
 LDL-c (mmol/L)3.05 (2.62, 3.65)3.14 (2.85, 3.64)0.24
 apo A(g/L)1.37 (1.23, 1.49)1.51 (1.35, 1.58)0.004**
 apo B(g/L)0.92 (0.77, 1.12)0.88 (0.75, 1.02)0.529
 FBG (mmol/L)5.06 (4.47, 5.34)4.89 (4.49, 5.67)0.808
Comorbidities
 Obesity, n (%)6 (9.2%)13 (16.3%)0.159
 Dyslipidemia, n (%)25 (38.5%)30 (37.5%)0.316
 IGM, n (%)5 (7.7%)6 (7.6%)0.603
Medications
 SGA+ MS, n (%)23 (28.8%)
 SGA+ AED, n (%)22 (27.5%)
 SGA+ MS+ AED, n (%)12 (15%)
 Drug-naive, n (%)23 (28.8%)
  1. Data are presented as mean ± SD, median (interquartile range), or n (%). p-values of Mann-Whitney U test, Student’s unpaired t test or χ2
  2. p < 0.05, p < 0.01