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Table 5 Factors associated with substance use during current pregnancy among pregnant women attending ANC in public hospitals of Eastern Ethiopia, 2019(n = 510)

From: Magnitude and associated factors of substance use among pregnant women attending antenatal care in public hospitals of eastern Ethiopia

Variables Substance use   COR(95% CI) AOR(95% CI)
  Yes (%) No (%)   
Age
 15–24 35(19.3) 146(80.7) 0.49(.30–0.81) 1.23(0.54–2.78)
 25–29 47(28.1) 120(71.9) 0.81(0.50–1.29) 0.80(0.39–1.65)
  > 29 53(32.7) 109(67.3) 1 1
Residence
 Urban 109(25.3) 321(74.7) 1 1
 Rural 26(32.5) 54(67.5) 1.42(0.85–2.38) 0.88(0.38–2.02)
Marital status
 Married 122(25.4) 358(74.6) 0.45 (0.21–0.94) 0.89(0.25–3.11)
 Single 13(43.3) 17(56.7) 1 1
Educational status
 No formal education 45(28) 146(72) 1.7 (0.97–2.98) 1(0.35–2.86)
 Elementary 20(33.3) 40(66.7) 2.19 (1.09–4.39) 0.80(0.28–2.28)
 Secondary school 46(28.8) 114(71.2) 1.77 (1.00–3.09) 1.27(0.50–3.22)
 10+ 24(18.6) 105(81.4) 1 1
Occupation
 Unemployed 104(27.5) 274(72.5) 0.96 (0.57–1.63) 0.78(0.33–1.84)
 Student 7(14.9) 40(85.1) 0.44 (0.17–1.13) 0.48(0.10–2.19)
 Employee 24(28.2) 61(71.8) 1  
Monthly household income
  < 1500 25(29.8) 59(70.2) 1.92 (1.00–3.67) 1.254(0.46–3.42)
 1500–3499 60(28.7) 149(71.3) 1.82 (1.06–3.13) 1.921(0.83–4.42)
 3500–4999 27(30) 63(70) 1.94 (1.02–3.67) 3.4(1.32–8.77)*
  ≥ 5000 23(18.1) 104(81.9) 1 1
Gravidity
 Primigravida 29(21.3) 107(78.7) 1 1
 Multigravida 106(28.3) 268(71.7) 1.46 (0.91–2.33) 1.87(0.86–4.06)
No of children
 0–2 87(24.4) 270(75.6) 0.70 (0.46–1.07) 0.63 (0.31–1.30)
  > 2 48(31.4) 105(68.6) 1 1
Plan status
 Planned 101(24) 319(76) 1 1
 Not planned 34(37.8) 56(62.2) 1.92(1.18–3.10) 1.60(0.75–3.43)
No of ANC
  = 1 40(23.3) 132(76.7) 0.77 (0.51–1.19) 0.90(0.43–1.87)
  > 1 95(28.1) 243(71.9) 1 1
Pre-pregnancy use
 Yes 118(60.2) 78(39.8) 26.43(15.00–46.56) 27.25(14.11–52.66)***
 No 17(5.4) 297(94.6) 1 1
Partner SU
 Yes 118(37.7) 195(62.3) 6.41(3.71–11.08) 3.70(1.84–7.46)***
 No 17(8.6) 180(91.4) 1 1
Family SU
 Yes 118(36) 210(64) 5.45(3.15–9.43) 3.45(1.69–7.03)**
 No 17(9.3) 165(90.7) 1 1
Intimate partner violence
 Yes 58(38.9) 91(61.1) 2.34 (1.55–3.55) 0.77(0.42–1.41)
 No 77(21.4) 283(78.6) 1 1
  1. AOR adjusted odds ratio, COR crude odds ratio: *Significant at P < 0.05, **Significant at P < 0.01, ***Significant at P < 0.001, 1 = Reference