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Table 2 HIV-related clinical and psychosocial characteristics of YLWH from the Kenyan coast, n = 406

From: Prevalence, risk and protective indicators of common mental disorders among young people living with HIV compared to their uninfected peers from the Kenyan coast: a cross-sectional study

Characteristic Mean/Frequency SD/percent
Recent Body Mass Index – kg/m2, mean, SD 20.6 3.6
Any current chronic illness
No 399 98.3
Yes 7 1.7
cART regimen
First line 330 81.3
Second line 1 76 18.7
Viral load
≤ 1000 copies/mL 280 69.0
> 1000 copies/mL 126 31.0
WHO clinical stage, OM = 1
Stage 1 249 61.5
Stage 2 102 25.2
Stage 3 52 12.8
Stage 4 2 0.5
Duration on cART
> 5 years 235 57.9
1–5 years 124 30.5
6-11 months 25 6.2
< 6 months 22 5.4
Any current opportunistic infection
No 381 93.8
Yes 25 6.2
Any cART side effects, OM = 1
No 296 73.1
Yes 109 26.9
Perceived HIV-stigma score a – mean, SD 26.1 7.5
Medication (cART) adherence
High adherence 254 62.6
Medium adherence 117 28.8
Low adherence 35 8.6
HIV status disclosure
Yes 381 93.8
No 25 6.2
Clinic accessibility
Easily accessible (Less than 30 min) 129 31.8
Somehow accessible (30 min to 1 h) 175 43.1
Not accessible (> 1 h) 102 25.1
Satisfaction with current care
Satisfied 383 94.3
Neutral 16 3.9
Not satisfied 7 1.7
  1. a – score range = 12 to 48, higher scores indicate increased perceived HIV-related stigma, one or more chronic illness in addition to HIV, OM observation with missing value, WHO world health organization, cART combination antiretroviral therapy, 1- all participants were initially started on 1st line cART but had changed to 2nd line cART at the time of data collection