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Table 1 Sample characteristics

From: Post-traumatic stress disorder following childbirth

  Mothers (n = 916) Partners (n = 64)
Previous distressing childbirth, % (n) 22.16 (203) 10.9 (7)
Previous child loss, % (n) 24.24 (222) 15.6 (10)
Past traumatic event (excluding birth-related), % (n) 50.76 (465) 35.9 (23)
Type of birth, % (n)
 Vaginal 60.8 (556)
 Emergency caesarean 16.7 (152)
 Planned caesarean 4.3 (39)
 Vaginal (forceps) 8.9 (81)
 Vaginal (vacuum) 9.6 (88)
Number of children, % (n)
 1 61.3 (561)
 2 28.8 (263)
 3 9.0 (73)
 4 1.2 (10)
 5+ 1 (9)
Sex of the baby, % (n)
 Twins 1.7 (15)
 Boy 50.5 (463)
 Girl 47.8 (438)
 MOS, M (SD) 55.25 (14.9) 55.02 (17.27)
 EPDS, M (SD) 11.79 (7.57) 8.48 (6.73)
 MIBS, M (SD) 3.04 (3.4) 2.64 (3.28)
 PCL-5, M (SD) 15.42 (15.55) 12.56 (13.8)
CBTS-BRS, M (SD) 5.68 (6.9) 2.36 (4.03)
CBTS-GS, M (SD) 20.59 (17.27) 5.86 (6.78)
CBTS-Total, M (SD) 16.68 (13.81) 8.25 (9.16)
  1. BRS Birth-related symptoms, CBTS City Birth Trauma Scale, EPDS Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale, GS General symptoms, MIBS Mother-to-Infant Bonding Scale, MOS Medical Outcomes Study, PCL-5 PTSD checklist for DSM-5