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Table 1 Prevalence of mental ill health and substance use before and during COVID-19 confinement

From: Mental ill-health during COVID-19 confinement

  CATALONIA before COVID CATALONIA during COVID-19 Confinementa
n % N %
Depression 3551 7.6% c 31,873 22.8%
Anxietyb 2621 6.7 b 32,185 26.9%
Lack of mental well-being 3536 26.2% c 37,596 74.8%
Higher risk drinking 1529 8.6% d 37,261 9.1%
Smoking 3557 25.6% c 37,820 23.0%
Cannabis / hashish (in last 30 days) 2044 11.9% d 37,820 3.7%
Prescribed hypnosedatives 2043 5.9% d 37,820 17.7%
Non-prescribed hypnosedatives 2044 0.6% d 37,820 6.5.%
  1. aWeighted separately, but sequentially by distributions of gender (male or female), age (16–44, 45–64, and 65+ years), and educational level (primary, secondary, and university or higher) as reported by government statistics of the Catalan population [12]
  2. bAnxiety was measured by Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale-7. There is no previous data from Catalonia with this instrument. It is compared with results of the Spanish National Health Survey (2017) [13], using a different instrument which reported a prevalence of 6.7% for chronic anxiety; the same survey found a prevalence of 6.7% for depression in the Spanish population
  3. cCatalan Health Survey 2018 [15]
  4. dSpanish Alcohol and Drug Survey 2017 [14], Catalonia only data. For drugs (hypnosedatives and cannabis) the prevalence estimates are based on % of people who reported having taken drugs in the last 30 days. For hypnosedatives with prescription, the data before COVID-19 also includes without prescription