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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of participants in counseling and control groups

From: The effect of counseling on fathers’ stress and anxiety during pregnancy: a randomized controlled clinical trial

Variable Counseling (n = 51)
Number (percent)
Control (n = 51)
Number (percent)
P-value
Age (year)a 33.2 (5.8) 32.9 (6.2) 0.758*
Education    0.662§
 Illiterate 1 (2.0) 1 (2.0)  
 Primary school 6 (11.8) 3 (5.9)  
 Secondary school 4 (7.8) 8 (15.7)  
 High school 6 (11.8) 7 (13.7)  
 Diploma 16 (31.4) 20 (39.2)  
 University 18 (35.3) 12 (23.5)  
Job    0.710
 Jobless 0 (0.0) 1 (2.0)  
 Worker 12 (23.5) 17 (33.3)  
 Employed 9 (17.6) 7 (13.7)  
 Shopkeeper 7 (13.7) 6 (11.8)  
 Other 23 (45.1) 20 (39.2)  
Income sufficiency    0.162§
 Completely sufficient 8 (15.7) 7 (13.7)  
 Almost sufficient 41 (80.4) 36 (70.6)  
 Never sufficient 2 (3.9) 8 (15.7)  
  1. aNumbers are reported in terms of mean (standard deviation)
  2. *independent t-test ‡ Fisher’s exact test § Chi-square for trend test