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Table 3 Hierarchical regression analysis predicting depression

From: Depressive symptoms associated with COVID-19 preventive practice measures, daily activities in home quarantine and suicidal behaviors: Findings from a large-scale online survey in Bangladesh

Model B SE β t ΔR2
Block 1 – COVID-19 related variables (F(15,5567) = 21.67; p < 0.001) 0.06
 Has anyone in your family been infected with COVID-19?a −1.56 0.42 −0.05 −3.71*  
 Have you had a COVID-19 detection test?a −0.44 0.28 −0.02 −1.60  
 COVID-19 test resultsb 0.32 0.43 0.01 0.75  
 Have you had a fear that COVID-19 could infect you?a −1.33 0.18 −0.10 −7.38*  
 Is the pandemic affecting your family income?a 0.86 0.19 0.06 4.42*  
 Has anyone in your family lost their job during the pandemic?a −1.10 0.22 −0.07 −4.94*  
 Has there been a scarcity of food for your family during the pandemic?a −0.88 0.20 −0.06 −4.37*  
 Using handkerchief/tissue during sneezing or coughinga −0.33 0.28 −0.02 −1.20  
 Sniffing the nose by the fold of elbows while sneezing and coughinga −0.61 0.26 −0.03 −2.33  
 Discharging cough/sputum in a proper placea 2.10 0.27 0.12 7.78*  
 Washing hands with soaps or other cleanersa 1.65 0.37 0.07 4.49*  
 Using a face mask while outsidea −0.81 0.45 −0.03 −1.80  
 Discharging tissue in a proper placea −0.25 0.38 −0.01 −0.66  
 Maintaining spatial distancea 0.72 0.41 0.03 1.74  
 Maintaining hygienea −0.19 0.35 −0.01 − 0.55  
Block 2 – Lifestyle and activities in home quarantine (F(24,5558) = 27.41; p < 0.001) 0.05
 Sleeping hoursc −0.93 0.10 −0.12 −9.28*  
 Smoking statusa −0.17 0.22 −0.01 −0.77  
 Internet using hoursd 0.70 0.09 0.11 8.09*  
 Playing videogamesa −0.80 0.18 −0.06 −4.44*  
 Engaging in online communication (chat, video calling)a −0.06 0.19 0.00 −0.30  
 Studyinga 1.05 0.17 0.08 6.14*  
 Engaging in physical exercisea 0.53 0.18 0.04 2.94  
 Doing household choresa −0.41 0.23 −0.03 −1.81  
 Spending time talking with family membersa 0.75 0.29 0.04 2.63  
Block 3 – Suicidal behaviors F(28,5554) = 39.67, p < 0.001 0.06
 Suicidal ideationa −3.63 0.31 −0.16 −11.92*  
 Past suicidal thoughtsa −2.36 0.29 −0.12 −8.09*  
 Suicidal attempt historya −1.00 0.34 −0.04 −2.92  
 Family suicide historya 0.39 0.39 0.01 1.01  
  1. B unstandardized regression coefficient, SE standard error, β standardized regression coefficient; a1 = Yes, 2 = No; b1 = Positive, 2 = Negative; c1 = < 7 h, 2 = > 9 h, 3 = 7–9 h; d1 = < 2 h, 2 = 2–4 h, 3 = 5–6 h, 4 = > 6 h; R2Adj = 0.16; *p < 0.001