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Table 3 Demographic characteristics of respondents across latent classes

From: A distress-continuum, disorder-threshold model of depression: a mixed-methods, latent class analysis study of slum-dwelling young men in Bangladesh

  Class 1 Class 2 Class 3  
Severely distressed Distressed Wellness  
(n = 211) (n = 329) (n = 284) χ2
Education (%)     24.16***
 No formal education 15.64 6.69 9.86
 Up to 5th grade 35.07 52.89 52.11
 Higher than 5th grade 49.29 40.43 38.03
Age (%)     8.96*
 18–21 years 38.86 27.05 33.80
 22–25 years 30.81 34.35 31.34
 26–29 years 30.33 38.60 34.86
Socioeconomic quintiles (%)    17.40**
 Poorest 40.28 29.48 27.11
 Poorer 18.96 19.45 26.06
 Middle 10.90 19.45 16.55
 Richer 11.85 12,16 11.27
 Richest 18.01 19.45 18.93
GHQ-12 Score (mean) 14.16*** 10.48*** 4.10***  
  1. * p < 0.1; ** p < 0.05; *** p < 0.01