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Table 3 Factors significantly associated with mental health outcomes (at least one of the two rating scales) identified by multivariate regression analysis

From: COVID-19 related poor mental health and sleep disorders in rheumatic patients: a citizen science project

  PSS-10 IES-R
β p β p
Gender* 0.12 < 0.01 0.14 < 0.01
Age −0.23 < 0.01 −0.09 0.06.
Region of residenceΔ −0.09 0.03 −0.10 0.02
Comorbidities
 Overweight/obesity 0.11 0.01 0.07 0.12.
 Intestinal diseases 0.05 0.19 0.10 0.03
 Anxiety disorder 0.08 0.07. 0.19 < 0.01
After lockdown
 Psychopharmacology 0.26 < 0.01 0.12 0.22.
 Sources of anxietyω 0.19 < 0.01 0.13 < 0.01
  1. *The variable was codified as female = 2; male = 1
  2. Δ The variable was codified as 0 = living in a region different from Lombardy; 1 = living in Lombardy
  3. The variable was codified as 0 = no; 1 = yes
  4. ωThe variable was codified as 0 = no source of anxiety; 1 = health; 2 = work and finances; 3 = social isolation
  5. β = standarizedregression coefficient
  6. IES-R: Impact of Event Scale – Revised; PSS-10: Perceived Stress Scale; ns: not significant
  7. In bold statistically significant p
  8. Factors significantly associated with mental health outcomes (at least one of the two rating scales) identified by multivariate regression analysis